Scientific name - Sanguisorba officinalis L.
Synonyms - Poterium officinale (L.) A. Gray, Sanguisorba pinna Purpose.
Popular names - bibernil, sangereasa, salvastrella Maggiore, Salad Burnet, meloncello, Groβer Wiesenknopf, ti-gu, grande pimprenelle.
Distribution and Habitat - on wetlands growing up in Alpine regions.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2). Blooms in May-August. Fruit achenes in the receptacle closed, dry, ovata, glabra, smooth, reddish brown. 2n = 28.
Growth rate - slowly.
Propagation - by seeds, sown spring.
Natural partners and Garden - Alopecurus pratensis, Cerastium fontanum, Filipendula ulmaria, Lathyrus pratensis, Leontodon autumnalis, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus sour, Taraxacum officinale. Garden - Acorus gramineus, Hemerocallis.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Arnhem', 'Pink Brushes', 'Pink Tann', 'Red Thunder', 'Tann'.
Properties and Uses - entire plant contains a substance tannin and saponin (sanguisorbina) that provides astringent properties and Antihemorrhagics.
The leaves can be used fresh in salads.
Harvested roots spring or autumn, the malt is clean and dry in the sun. Root decoction is used for eczema and skin ulcers, skin compresses applied by. 10-15 g of root in a cup of decoction for oral or external use.
Beth Hanson - Designing an Herb Garden - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2004
Gary Allen - The Herbalist in the Kitchen - University of Illinois Press, 2007
Jing.Nuan Wu - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002
Lee Allen Peterson, Roger Tory Peterson - A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Musa sp. - Bananas
Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.
Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Bellium artrutxensis sp.nov. Balearic Islands
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.