Scientific name - Sanguisorba officinalis L.
Synonyms - Poterium officinale (L.) A. Gray, Sanguisorba pinna Purpose.
Popular names - bibernil, sangereasa, salvastrella Maggiore, Salad Burnet, meloncello, Groβer Wiesenknopf, ti-gu, grande pimprenelle.
Distribution and Habitat - on wetlands growing up in Alpine regions.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2). Blooms in May-August. Fruit achenes in the receptacle closed, dry, ovata, glabra, smooth, reddish brown. 2n = 28.
Growth rate - slowly.
Propagation - by seeds, sown spring.
Natural partners and Garden - Alopecurus pratensis, Cerastium fontanum, Filipendula ulmaria, Lathyrus pratensis, Leontodon autumnalis, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus sour, Taraxacum officinale. Garden - Acorus gramineus, Hemerocallis.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Arnhem', 'Pink Brushes', 'Pink Tann', 'Red Thunder', 'Tann'.
Properties and Uses - entire plant contains a substance tannin and saponin (sanguisorbina) that provides astringent properties and Antihemorrhagics.
The leaves can be used fresh in salads.
Harvested roots spring or autumn, the malt is clean and dry in the sun. Root decoction is used for eczema and skin ulcers, skin compresses applied by. 10-15 g of root in a cup of decoction for oral or external use.
Beth Hanson - Designing an Herb Garden - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2004
Gary Allen - The Herbalist in the Kitchen - University of Illinois Press, 2007
Jing.Nuan Wu - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002
Lee Allen Peterson, Roger Tory Peterson - A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Aloe vera Mill.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Delosperma cooperi originated southern Africa. Prostrata or erect stem, grows up to 13 cm high and 60 inches wide. Leaves opposite, succulent, cylindrical or 3 angles, without stipule. Flowers solitary or Cime, terminal or axillary, 8 cm diameter, open purple, calyx with 5 lobes unequal, inferior ovary with 5 rooms.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey