30
Jul
2009
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Sanguisorba officinalis L.

Synonyms - Poterium officinale (L.) A. Gray, Sanguisorba pinna Purpose.

Popular names - bibernil, sangereasa, salvastrella Maggiore, Salad Burnet, meloncello, Groβer Wiesenknopf, ti-gu, grande pimprenelle.

Distribution and Habitat - on wetlands growing up in Alpine regions.

Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2). Blooms in May-August. Fruit achenes in the receptacle closed, dry, ovata, glabra, smooth, reddish brown. 2n = 28.

Growth rate - slowly.

Propagation - by seeds, sown spring.

Natural partners and Garden - Alopecurus pratensis, Cerastium fontanum, Filipendula ulmaria, Lathyrus pratensis, Leontodon autumnalis, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus sour, Taraxacum officinale. Garden - Acorus gramineus, Hemerocallis.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Arnhem', 'Pink Brushes', 'Pink Tann', 'Red Thunder', 'Tann'.

Properties and Uses - entire plant contains a substance tannin and saponin (sanguisorbina) that provides astringent properties and Antihemorrhagics.

The leaves can be used fresh in salads.

Harvested roots spring or autumn, the malt is clean and dry in the sun. Root decoction is used for eczema and skin ulcers, skin compresses applied by. 10-15 g of root in a cup of decoction for oral or external use.

References

Beth Hanson - Designing an Herb Garden - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2004

Gary Allen - The Herbalist in the Kitchen - University of Illinois Press, 2007

Jing.Nuan Wu - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002

Lee Allen Peterson, Roger Tory Peterson - A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999

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