Scientific name - Sanguisorba officinalis L.
Synonyms - Poterium officinale (L.) A. Gray, Sanguisorba pinna Purpose.
Popular names - bibernil, sangereasa, salvastrella Maggiore, Salad Burnet, meloncello, Groβer Wiesenknopf, ti-gu, grande pimprenelle.
Distribution and Habitat - on wetlands growing up in Alpine regions.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2). Blooms in May-August. Fruit achenes in the receptacle closed, dry, ovata, glabra, smooth, reddish brown. 2n = 28.
Growth rate - slowly.
Propagation - by seeds, sown spring.
Natural partners and Garden - Alopecurus pratensis, Cerastium fontanum, Filipendula ulmaria, Lathyrus pratensis, Leontodon autumnalis, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus sour, Taraxacum officinale. Garden - Acorus gramineus, Hemerocallis.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Arnhem', 'Pink Brushes', 'Pink Tann', 'Red Thunder', 'Tann'.
Properties and Uses - entire plant contains a substance tannin and saponin (sanguisorbina) that provides astringent properties and Antihemorrhagics.
The leaves can be used fresh in salads.
Harvested roots spring or autumn, the malt is clean and dry in the sun. Root decoction is used for eczema and skin ulcers, skin compresses applied by. 10-15 g of root in a cup of decoction for oral or external use.
Beth Hanson - Designing an Herb Garden - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2004
Gary Allen - The Herbalist in the Kitchen - University of Illinois Press, 2007
Jing.Nuan Wu - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002
Lee Allen Peterson, Roger Tory Peterson - A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Aloe vera Mill.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).
Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey