30
Jul
2009
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida
3
0

Scientific name - Sanguisorba officinalis L.

Synonyms - Poterium officinale (L.) A. Gray, Sanguisorba pinna Purpose.

Popular names - bibernil, sangereasa, salvastrella Maggiore, Salad Burnet, meloncello, Groβer Wiesenknopf, ti-gu, grande pimprenelle.

Distribution and Habitat - on wetlands growing up in Alpine regions.

Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2). Blooms in May-August. Fruit achenes in the receptacle closed, dry, ovata, glabra, smooth, reddish brown. 2n = 28.

Growth rate - slowly.

Propagation - by seeds, sown spring.

Natural partners and Garden - Alopecurus pratensis, Cerastium fontanum, Filipendula ulmaria, Lathyrus pratensis, Leontodon autumnalis, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus sour, Taraxacum officinale. Garden - Acorus gramineus, Hemerocallis.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Arnhem', 'Pink Brushes', 'Pink Tann', 'Red Thunder', 'Tann'.

Properties and Uses - entire plant contains a substance tannin and saponin (sanguisorbina) that provides astringent properties and Antihemorrhagics.

The leaves can be used fresh in salads.

Harvested roots spring or autumn, the malt is clean and dry in the sun. Root decoction is used for eczema and skin ulcers, skin compresses applied by. 10-15 g of root in a cup of decoction for oral or external use.

References

Beth Hanson - Designing an Herb Garden - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2004

Gary Allen - The Herbalist in the Kitchen - University of Illinois Press, 2007

Jing.Nuan Wu - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002

Lee Allen Peterson, Roger Tory Peterson - A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic

Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.

 
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

 
Aloe vera Mill.

Aloe Vera - perennial herb with stem wood, 2-3 m, simple neramificata, covered by remnants of dried leaves. Rosette leaves collected in the top of the trunk, Sesia, triangulation into sections and are consistent meat lower surface is convex, the top is concave according to the turgid leaf

 
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez

Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.

 
Allium cepa L. - onion

Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.

 
Flowers
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower

Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.

 
Silene acaulis

Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.

 
Antennaria dioica

Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).

 
Campanula glomerata

Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.

 
Allium schoenoprasum

Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.

Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.

 
Magnoliopsida
Bellis perennis L. - bucks

Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval

 
Leonotis Leonurus

Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.

Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.

 
Coreopsis tinctoria

Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.

 
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey

The new species, Lathyrus egirdiricus H. Gens & A. Sahin. (Fabaceae), was found in around 2004-2006 Pinus forests in Isparta, Turkey.

Lathyrus egirdiricus- voluble species annual, 45-75 cm. Leaves linear-lanceolata with nervatiuni parallel stipele semi-sagittal.

 
Goniothalamus dumontetii

Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links