09
Apr
2009
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Flowers | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Santolina chamaecyparissus

Synonyms - Santolina virens Mill., Santolina incana

Popular names - Gray Santolina, grass Ascaris lumbricoides, Lavander cotton limbricarita, Santolina.

Distribution and Habitat - small evergreen shrub in the Mediterranean area, 0.9-1.2 m wide and 0.6 high.

Description - perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow. Blooms in May-September. Frunct Acornoblong, angular.

S. camaecyparissus subsp. camaecyparissus - leaf lobes do not exceed 2 mm involucre usually tomentos, dark yellow flowers.

S. camaecyparissus subsp. insularis - tomentoase gray leaves, stalk thickened upwards.

S. camaecyparissus subsp. squarrosa - leaf lobes do not exceed 2 mm involucre usually glabru, flowers yellow.

S. camaecyparissus subsp. tomentosa - glabra leaves, stalk neingrosat above, leaf lobes do not exceed 2-5 mm.

Tolerants - salinity, drought and wind.

Requirements - prefers relatively dry soils with low fertility in full sun, growing and the sand.

Management - is clipped after flowering to encourage growth in November. Replacing the old plant a few years with new plants skims.

Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. The seeds fall to stratify. Semilignificati seedlings of 10 cm length can be taken in mid-summer and planted in moist soil, well drained.

Natural partners and Garden - Anthemis tinctoria, Buxus sempervirens, Elymus,Helianthemum nummularium, Hyssopus officinalis, Lavandula angustifolia, Malva moschata, Matricaria recutita, Rudbeckia, Stachys Byzantine, Thymus praecox.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Lemon Queen' lemon yellow flowers, 'Lambrook Silver' silvery gray foliage, 'Nana' grows 15-20 cm tall, 'Pretty Carroll' cris 25-50 cm high, flowers yellow.

Properties and Uses - Santolina foliage mix well with green foliage plants for small hedges.

Aerial parts of the plant is harvested from June to August and dried. Antispasmotice properties and against limbricilor, decoction 1.3 g per 100 ml water, 1-2 cups per day, an infusion of 1-2 g in 100 ml water, 2-3 cups a day, drink Vinoasă of 3 g in 100 ml Fri 1.2 small glasses in 24 hours.

For external use fresh aerial parts.

Flowers harvested in May, gathered from inflorescences dry powder, 1-4 g of honey several times a day.

It is adapted to keep a plant insecticide on the clothes moth wool.

References

Uberto Tosco - Piante e aromatiche medicine - Paolini, 1985

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