27
Apr
2009
Schefflera arboricola
House Plant | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
1
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Scientific name - Schefflera Tree

Schefflera genus was named by JR and Foster, in 1776, in honor of JC Scheffler.

Popular names - cheflera, Dwarf Schefflera, Hawaiian Elf Schefflera.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Taiwan, New Zealand and Australia.

Description - evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.

Growth rate - moderate.

Tolerances - not tolerate temperatures below 12 ˚ C.

Requirements - soil moist, well drained with semiumbrite exhibitions. Between watering is allowed to dry land. Ideal temperature is ranging 16-18 ˚ C. The best water for watering is the rain.

Management - is needed to control growth skims crown. It transvazeaza every 2 years, spring. During the vegetation is fertilizeaza to 15-20 days with water by pouring liquid fertilizers. In case of need, the plant is tutoreaza. If the air is too dry, the plant is sprayed every 2-3 days with rain water.

Propagation - by seeds and stem cuttings.

Diseases and pests - Planococcus citri Polyscias.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Cappella Gold' elegant, embroidered with white-yellow leaves, 'Green Golden' Variegata with green leaves, 'Variegata' leaves with yellow and green Panasaschis.

Properties and Uses - is suitable for training bonsailor.

Schefflera tree can cause allergies.

References

JB Harborne, Herbert Baxter, Gerard P. Moss - Dictionary A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants - CRC, 1999

Nico Vermeulen - Encyclopedia of House Plants - Routledge, 1999

Spoerke, Susan C. Smolinske - Toxicity of Houseplants - CRC, 1990

W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000

Will Giles - Encyclopedia of Exotic Plants for Temperate climates - Timber Press, 2007

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