Scientific name - Schinus molle
Popular names - arborele de piper, qundo Berber, pepper tree, pepper tree chilean, Arbol from empty, false pimienta, pimienta del Peru.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude.
Description - evergreen tree, 3-15 m high, short trunk, bark brown, deeply fissured. Imparipenat Leaves compound rachides wing leaflets 20-40, linear-lanceolate leaflets, margins entire or toothed, 20-50 x 4-8 mm. Flowers arranged in panicule up to 30 cm long. Petals 2 mm long, pale yellow. Fruit berry, spherical, from green to red and black.
Growth Rate -
Tolerances - tolerate high temperatures, drought, alkaline soils, salinity, frost to -10 ° C
Requirements -prefers well drained soils, sandy.
Properties and Uses - cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Curiosity - Schinus derived from the Greek 'Shine' name given to Pistacia lentiscus they resemble.
Fruits contain seeds taste like pepper, so used as a substitute for pepper.
Incas used the resin to embalmed corpses.
Bark and leaves contain latex.
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper