Scientific name - Schinus molle
Popular names - arborele de piper, qundo Berber, pepper tree, pepper tree chilean, Arbol from empty, false pimienta, pimienta del Peru.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude.
Description - evergreen tree, 3-15 m high, short trunk, bark brown, deeply fissured. Imparipenat Leaves compound rachides wing leaflets 20-40, linear-lanceolate leaflets, margins entire or toothed, 20-50 x 4-8 mm. Flowers arranged in panicule up to 30 cm long. Petals 2 mm long, pale yellow. Fruit berry, spherical, from green to red and black.
Growth Rate -
Tolerances - tolerate high temperatures, drought, alkaline soils, salinity, frost to -10 ° C
Requirements -prefers well drained soils, sandy.
Properties and Uses - cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Curiosity - Schinus derived from the Greek 'Shine' name given to Pistacia lentiscus they resemble.
Fruits contain seeds taste like pepper, so used as a substitute for pepper.
Incas used the resin to embalmed corpses.
Bark and leaves contain latex.
Trees and shrubs
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
New species of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) found in Turkey
In Turkey the genus Dianthus consists in 71 species, two subspecies and 12 varieties (Reeve, 1967, Davis, Mill & Tan, 1988; Guner et al., 2000; Menemeni & Hamzaoglu, 2000; Aytaç & Duman, 2004).