27
Jul
2011
Schinus molle
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
7
0

Scientific name - Schinus molle

Synonyms -

Popular names - arborele de piper, qundo Berber, pepper tree, pepper tree chilean, Arbol from empty, false pimienta, pimienta del Peru.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude.

Description - evergreen tree, 3-15 m high, short trunk, bark brown, deeply fissured. Imparipenat Leaves compound rachides wing leaflets 20-40, linear-lanceolate leaflets, margins entire or toothed, 20-50 x 4-8 mm. Flowers arranged in panicule up to 30 cm long. Petals 2 mm long, pale yellow. Fruit berry, spherical, from green to red and black.

Growth Rate -

Tolerances - tolerate high temperatures, drought, alkaline soils, salinity, frost to -10 ° C

Requirements -prefers well drained soils, sandy.

Properties and Uses - cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.

Curiosity - Schinus derived from the Greek 'Shine' name given to Pistacia lentiscus they resemble.

Fruits contain seeds taste like pepper, so used as a substitute for pepper.

Incas used the resin to embalmed corpses.

Bark and leaves contain latex.

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