Scientific Name - Scrophularia nodosa L.
Popular names -
Distribution and Habitat - grows in wet forests, rape and near rivers, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Description - perennial species, 60-120 cm tall, glabra or glandular hairs. Stem erect, branched, with four corners. Leaves opposite, petiole 1 cm long, limb oval-acuminata, 4-6 x 9-12 cm, serrated edge. Calyx 1.2 mm subrotunde sepa, entire; Corola brown-yellow, 5-8 mm. Septemrbie blooms in June. Fruit pear-shaped capsule, 5-7 mm.
The picture was made on Mount Grappa IT to share 1100 m near a beech forests.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Psidium araucanum is a new species discovered in southern Brazil
Genus Psidium L. is characterized by simple leaves, opposite, with nervatiune Pinata, flower solitary, axillary or Raceme small, large number of stamens arranged in spiral, ovary inferior.