Scientific name - Senna corymbosa (Lam.) Irwin & Barneby
Synonyms - Cassia corymbosa Lamarck, Cassia crassifolia Ortega.
Popular names - Argentina Senna, fedegoso, rama negra sen del campo, shower tree.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
Description - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra . Flowers pentamere, dialipetale, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe their joint corymb raceme, loose, terminal or axillary, yellow calyx unequal SEPA, obovata,5 cm, green, Corola with petals obovata, unequal stamens spatulate androceu 3 and 7 stamens fertile ovary gineceu with higher glabru, unicarpelar, unilocular, polispermic. Noimbrie and blooms in May. Fruit pods, cylindrical pendence, 10-12 cm long, round in cross section generally indehiscenta.
Tolerances - suffer damage following frosts.
Requirements - grows well in moist soil but well-drained, moderately fertile, in full sun. During growth, moderate moisten and apply liquid fertilizers monthly, winter is often wet.
Management - old plants would be severely clipped spring, to force growth in November, but not cut the trunk at ground level.
Propagation - by seeds, it looks to 18-24 ˚ C, Spring. By division, Spring. The semi-lignificati root cuttings in summer.
Properties and Uses - In Argentina esyou grown as a medicinal plant. In the USA and Mexico is planted in areas affected by erosion.
The leaves have laxative properties, and external use is used as emollient and analgesic in the form of poultices. Decoction of leaves is laxative.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Ernst Schmidt, Mervyn Lotter, Warren McCleland, Jacana Education - Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga - Jacana Media, 2002
Gustavo Aparicio, Eduardo Haen - 100 árboles Argentina - Albatros Ediciones, 2001
John H. Wiersema, Blanca Leon - World Economic Plants - CRC, 1999
Kirsten Albrecht Llamas - Tropical Flowering Plants - Timber Press, 2003
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Plants, women and menstrual pain
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Trees and shrubs
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze.
Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.