Scientific name - Senna corymbosa (Lam.) Irwin & Barneby
Synonyms - Cassia corymbosa Lamarck, Cassia crassifolia Ortega.
Popular names - Argentina Senna, fedegoso, rama negra sen del campo, shower tree.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
Description - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra . Flowers pentamere, dialipetale, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe their joint corymb raceme, loose, terminal or axillary, yellow calyx unequal SEPA, obovata,5 cm, green, Corola with petals obovata, unequal stamens spatulate androceu 3 and 7 stamens fertile ovary gineceu with higher glabru, unicarpelar, unilocular, polispermic. Noimbrie and blooms in May. Fruit pods, cylindrical pendence, 10-12 cm long, round in cross section generally indehiscenta.
Tolerances - suffer damage following frosts.
Requirements - grows well in moist soil but well-drained, moderately fertile, in full sun. During growth, moderate moisten and apply liquid fertilizers monthly, winter is often wet.
Management - old plants would be severely clipped spring, to force growth in November, but not cut the trunk at ground level.
Propagation - by seeds, it looks to 18-24 ˚ C, Spring. By division, Spring. The semi-lignificati root cuttings in summer.
Properties and Uses - In Argentina esyou grown as a medicinal plant. In the USA and Mexico is planted in areas affected by erosion.
The leaves have laxative properties, and external use is used as emollient and analgesic in the form of poultices. Decoction of leaves is laxative.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Ernst Schmidt, Mervyn Lotter, Warren McCleland, Jacana Education - Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga - Jacana Media, 2002
Gustavo Aparicio, Eduardo Haen - 100 árboles Argentina - Albatros Ediciones, 2001
John H. Wiersema, Blanca Leon - World Economic Plants - CRC, 1999
Kirsten Albrecht Llamas - Tropical Flowering Plants - Timber Press, 2003
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Glycine max - soybean
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Syringa vulgaris L.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.