27
Apr
2009
Senna corymbosa
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Senna corymbosa (Lam.) Irwin & Barneby

Synonyms - Cassia corymbosa Lamarck, Cassia crassifolia Ortega.

Popular names - Argentina Senna, fedegoso, rama negra sen del campo, shower tree.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.

Description - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra . Flowers pentamere, dialipetale, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe their joint corymb raceme, loose, terminal or axillary, yellow calyx unequal SEPA, obovata,5 cm, green, Corola with petals obovata, unequal stamens spatulate androceu 3 and 7 stamens fertile ovary gineceu with higher glabru, unicarpelar, unilocular, polispermic. Noimbrie and blooms in May. Fruit pods, cylindrical pendence, 10-12 cm long, round in cross section generally indehiscenta.

Tolerances - suffer damage following frosts.

Requirements - grows well in moist soil but well-drained, moderately fertile, in full sun. During growth, moderate moisten and apply liquid fertilizers monthly, winter is often wet.

Management - old plants would be severely clipped spring, to force growth in November, but not cut the trunk at ground level.

Propagation - by seeds, it looks to 18-24 ˚ C, Spring. By division, Spring. The semi-lignificati root cuttings in summer.

Properties and Uses - In Argentina esyou grown as a medicinal plant. In the USA and Mexico is planted in areas affected by erosion.

The leaves have laxative properties, and external use is used as emollient and analgesic in the form of poultices. Decoction of leaves is laxative.

References

Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991

Ernst Schmidt, Mervyn Lotter, Warren McCleland, Jacana Education - Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga - Jacana Media, 2002

Gustavo Aparicio, Eduardo Haen - 100 árboles Argentina - Albatros Ediciones, 2001

John H. Wiersema, Blanca Leon - World Economic Plants - CRC, 1999

Kirsten Albrecht Llamas - Tropical Flowering Plants - Timber Press, 2003

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold

Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.

 
Capparis spinosa L. - caper

Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.

 
Allium cepa L. - onion

Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.

 
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Trees and shrubs
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica

Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.

 
Skimmi japonica

Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite

 
African Sparmannia

African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.

 
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.

Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.

 
Aglaia odorata

Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.

 
Magnoliopsida
Nepenthes L.

Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.

 
Arabis turrita

Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.

 
Lotus maculatus Breitf.

Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.

 
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta

Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.

 
Caltha palustris

Herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links