Scientific name - Silene diclinis M. Lainz
Synonyms - Lychnis diclinis Lag, Melandrium dicline Willk.
Popular names - esclafidor Rosati. Ull of perdiu.
Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in SE Spain. Grows on sunny soil in olive crops. Natural partners: Arenaria valentina, Anemone palm Arisarum vulgar Brachyopodium retusum, Geranium purpureum, Pteridium aquilinum, Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. Alea, Scrophularia tanacetifolia, Vicia tenuifolia and Selaginella denticulated.
Description - herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middlestrain are elliptic to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base. Flowers lax, 12-22 mm in diameter. Bracts are wider or equal to the width stalks. Pedicel 7-40 mm. Vilos calyx teeth 2-3 mm, linear, 12-15 mm in male flowers campanulata, the female flowers 8-10 mm, ovoid to anteza more pubescent. Petals entire or emarginate, mostly purple, obovata, the flowers mascule7-11 mm, 5.7 mm in female flowers. Blooms in February-May. Fruit capsule, 10 x 10 mm subgloboasa. Seeds 1.1-1.2 x 1.5-1.7 mm, tubers, black. 2n = 24
Species protected by law. Use of herbicides or application of certain fertilizers destroy many individuals. Fire, has a disastrous effect on another plant.
Species Silene diclinis is cultivated in Instituto Botanico de Barcelona and the University Botanic Garden, Cambridge. The seeds are preserved in the germplasm Banco del Jardin Botanico de Valencia.
Gren Lucas,Hugh Synge - The IUCN Plant Red Data Book - INTL Union for Conservation, 1978
Jaakko Jalas, Juha Suominen - Atlas Florae Europaeae III - Cambridge University Press, 1989
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Anigozanthos rufus - Leg of kangaroo
Herbaceous rizomatoasa, Geof, 100-150 cm height. Mate leaves, gray-green, glabra, evergreen, 20-40 x 2-6 cm, margins scabrous. Escape very branched, tomentos. Inflorescences numerous, raceme. Red-purple flowers with pear, rare yellow-orange. Perianth law zigomorfic, lobate, tubular tomntoase, red, 25-35 mm long
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.