08
Oct
2009
Silene diclinis
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Silene diclinis M. Lainz

Synonyms - Lychnis diclinis Lag, Melandrium dicline Willk.

Popular names - esclafidor Rosati. Ull of perdiu.

Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in SE Spain. Grows on sunny soil in olive crops. Natural partners: Arenaria valentina, Anemone palm Arisarum vulgar Brachyopodium retusum, Geranium purpureum, Pteridium aquilinum, Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. Alea, Scrophularia tanacetifolia, Vicia tenuifolia and Selaginella denticulated.

Description - herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middlestrain are elliptic to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base. Flowers lax, 12-22 mm in diameter. Bracts are wider or equal to the width stalks. Pedicel 7-40 mm. Vilos calyx teeth 2-3 mm, linear, 12-15 mm in male flowers campanulata, the female flowers 8-10 mm, ovoid to anteza more pubescent. Petals entire or emarginate, mostly purple, obovata, the flowers mascule7-11 mm, 5.7 mm in female flowers. Blooms in February-May. Fruit capsule, 10 x 10 mm subgloboasa. Seeds 1.1-1.2 x 1.5-1.7 mm, tubers, black. 2n = 24

Entomofila pollination.

Species protected by law. Use of herbicides or application of certain fertilizers destroy many individuals. Fire, has a disastrous effect on another plant.

Species Silene diclinis is cultivated in Instituto Botanico de Barcelona and the University Botanic Garden, Cambridge. The seeds are preserved in the germplasm Banco del Jardin Botanico de Valencia.

References

Gren Lucas,Hugh Synge - The IUCN Plant Red Data Book - INTL Union for Conservation, 1978

Jaakko Jalas, Juha Suominen - Atlas Florae Europaeae III - Cambridge University Press, 1989

www.mma.es

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