Scientific name - Silene diclinis M. Lainz
Synonyms - Lychnis diclinis Lag, Melandrium dicline Willk.
Popular names - esclafidor Rosati. Ull of perdiu.
Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in SE Spain. Grows on sunny soil in olive crops. Natural partners: Arenaria valentina, Anemone palm Arisarum vulgar Brachyopodium retusum, Geranium purpureum, Pteridium aquilinum, Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. Alea, Scrophularia tanacetifolia, Vicia tenuifolia and Selaginella denticulated.
Description - herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middlestrain are elliptic to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base. Flowers lax, 12-22 mm in diameter. Bracts are wider or equal to the width stalks. Pedicel 7-40 mm. Vilos calyx teeth 2-3 mm, linear, 12-15 mm in male flowers campanulata, the female flowers 8-10 mm, ovoid to anteza more pubescent. Petals entire or emarginate, mostly purple, obovata, the flowers mascule7-11 mm, 5.7 mm in female flowers. Blooms in February-May. Fruit capsule, 10 x 10 mm subgloboasa. Seeds 1.1-1.2 x 1.5-1.7 mm, tubers, black. 2n = 24
Species protected by law. Use of herbicides or application of certain fertilizers destroy many individuals. Fire, has a disastrous effect on another plant.
Species Silene diclinis is cultivated in Instituto Botanico de Barcelona and the University Botanic Garden, Cambridge. The seeds are preserved in the germplasm Banco del Jardin Botanico de Valencia.
Gren Lucas,Hugh Synge - The IUCN Plant Red Data Book - INTL Union for Conservation, 1978
Jaakko Jalas, Juha Suominen - Atlas Florae Europaeae III - Cambridge University Press, 1989
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Wisteria sinensis - Chinese wisteria
Wisteria sinensis - is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.
Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.