Scientific name - Silene diclinis M. Lainz
Synonyms - Lychnis diclinis Lag, Melandrium dicline Willk.
Popular names - esclafidor Rosati. Ull of perdiu.
Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in SE Spain. Grows on sunny soil in olive crops. Natural partners: Arenaria valentina, Anemone palm Arisarum vulgar Brachyopodium retusum, Geranium purpureum, Pteridium aquilinum, Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. Alea, Scrophularia tanacetifolia, Vicia tenuifolia and Selaginella denticulated.
Description - herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middlestrain are elliptic to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base. Flowers lax, 12-22 mm in diameter. Bracts are wider or equal to the width stalks. Pedicel 7-40 mm. Vilos calyx teeth 2-3 mm, linear, 12-15 mm in male flowers campanulata, the female flowers 8-10 mm, ovoid to anteza more pubescent. Petals entire or emarginate, mostly purple, obovata, the flowers mascule7-11 mm, 5.7 mm in female flowers. Blooms in February-May. Fruit capsule, 10 x 10 mm subgloboasa. Seeds 1.1-1.2 x 1.5-1.7 mm, tubers, black. 2n = 24
Species protected by law. Use of herbicides or application of certain fertilizers destroy many individuals. Fire, has a disastrous effect on another plant.
Species Silene diclinis is cultivated in Instituto Botanico de Barcelona and the University Botanic Garden, Cambridge. The seeds are preserved in the germplasm Banco del Jardin Botanico de Valencia.
Gren Lucas,Hugh Synge - The IUCN Plant Red Data Book - INTL Union for Conservation, 1978
Jaakko Jalas, Juha Suominen - Atlas Florae Europaeae III - Cambridge University Press, 1989
Petunia hybrida - herbaceous, annual, used as an ornamental species in parks, gardens and terraces. Hybrid species derived from Petunia integrifolia and Petunia axillaris by Atkins in 1834.
Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.
Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.
Herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile.
Geranium pratense - beak stork
Herbaceous perennial, stems pubescent, erect, branched dichotomy. Leaves opposite, the parties to lobate-acute, 5-7 lobed, margin evening. Flowers symmetric radiator Corola blue-purple, 5 petals obovata, 2 cm, 5 sepa lanceolata, mucronata, ovary superior, 10 stamens united at the base. Blooms in June-August.
Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.
Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.
Sinningia speciosa Nees - Gloxinia