Scientific name - Silene diclinis M. Lainz
Synonyms - Lychnis diclinis Lag, Melandrium dicline Willk.
Popular names - esclafidor Rosati. Ull of perdiu.
Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in SE Spain. Grows on sunny soil in olive crops. Natural partners: Arenaria valentina, Anemone palm Arisarum vulgar Brachyopodium retusum, Geranium purpureum, Pteridium aquilinum, Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. Alea, Scrophularia tanacetifolia, Vicia tenuifolia and Selaginella denticulated.
Description - herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middlestrain are elliptic to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base. Flowers lax, 12-22 mm in diameter. Bracts are wider or equal to the width stalks. Pedicel 7-40 mm. Vilos calyx teeth 2-3 mm, linear, 12-15 mm in male flowers campanulata, the female flowers 8-10 mm, ovoid to anteza more pubescent. Petals entire or emarginate, mostly purple, obovata, the flowers mascule7-11 mm, 5.7 mm in female flowers. Blooms in February-May. Fruit capsule, 10 x 10 mm subgloboasa. Seeds 1.1-1.2 x 1.5-1.7 mm, tubers, black. 2n = 24
Species protected by law. Use of herbicides or application of certain fertilizers destroy many individuals. Fire, has a disastrous effect on another plant.
Species Silene diclinis is cultivated in Instituto Botanico de Barcelona and the University Botanic Garden, Cambridge. The seeds are preserved in the germplasm Banco del Jardin Botanico de Valencia.
Gren Lucas,Hugh Synge - The IUCN Plant Red Data Book - INTL Union for Conservation, 1978
Jaakko Jalas, Juha Suominen - Atlas Florae Europaeae III - Cambridge University Press, 1989
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer
Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.