07
Feb
2009
Sinningia speciosa Nees - Gloxinia
House Plant | Magnoliopsida
1
0

Gloxinia is from Brazil, was discovered in 1785. Name of Gloxinia speciosa was named in honor of Benjamin Peter Gloxinia. In 1825, he was separated from the genus Gloxinia the new name of sinningias.

Sinningias speciosa - tuberous perennial species. Short stalk. Leaves in basal rosette, oblong to ovata, passwords, crenate, 9-24 x 3,5-15 cm. Flowers solitary or in bunches, campanulata, 10-15 cm long, colored (purple, violet, red, white); calyx ovata, 2-3,5 cm, hairy, tubular corolla tube up to campanulata.

Tempearturi prefer 18-20 ° C for seed germination needs of 22-25 ° C, the rest is 12-15 ° C. It supports direct sun. Prefers ventilated, average atmospheric humidity. Soil should be light, richin humus and slightly acidic. The regular watering only when soil surface is dry, with warm water. After drying the leaves are reduced watering. The most appropriate is that watering in the tray to make the pot, the leaves are susceptible, not stained in any way. The fertilizeaza well during growth and prosperity, with every watering, by crossing flowers no longer fertilizeaza. Fertilization with NPK 20-10-20 and 17-5-17 in the cold months in the hot summer months, the alternate. Past flowers are cut away from the strains florifere.

Multiply by seeds and seedlings of leaves and tuber division. Seeds is sown in January-March and October, on a substrate made of ground leaves and sand, seeds are mixed with sand. Rasarirea takes place after 10-14 days. 4.5 leaves when they are planted on a substrate with mranita, garden soil and perlite or vermiculite. Soil pH should be 5.5 to 6.5.

Multiplication by cuttingsleaves from the plant, is rooted in 2-3 weeks.

Multiplication by division of tubers is the exit from rest, each piece must contain at least one bud.

Gloxinia may be appealed by the package and stem rot, Phytophthora and Pythium, to avoid, not overly wet and affected plants are destroyed. Flowers can be attacked by trips, resulting in deformed flowers.

References

Arthur van Langerberg - Urban Gardening - The Chinese University Press, 2006

Gurcharan Singh Randhawa - Floriculture in India - South Asia Books, 1986

Jerry Minnich - The Michigan Gardening Guide - University of Michigan Press, 1998

John E. Bryan - Bulbs - Timber Press, 2002

Robert M. Hays, Janet Marinelli - Bulbs for Indoors

Roy Lacey - The Organic Greenhouse and Conservatory - David & Charles PLC, 2004

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