Scientific name - Solanum lycopersicum L.
Synonyms - Lycopersicum esculentum Miller.
Popular names - red, tomato, tomato, pomodori.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Andes western Peru and Ecuador.
Description - herbaceous plant annually. Stems erect or prostrate, branched, the branches of the upper arm, short branches that give the flowers emerge. Leaves consist of 2-12 pairs of leaflets, between two pairs of large leaves no one to three pairs smaller, pubescent, rough. CIMA branched inflorescence. Flowers presents short stalk, calyx 6 (-10) separate acute, pubescent, corolla yellow-green, five petals, stamens 5-10, filaments short, ovary plurilocular world. Baca fruit, various forms, ellipsoidal and pear. Seeds ellipsoid to reniforme, 3.3 - 4 x 2.7 - 3.1 mm. 2n = 24
Growth Rate - repede.
Propagation - by seed. Germinate in 7-10 days.
Properties and Uses - used in salads, contains vitamins A and C. All of the plant are toxic green patios, contain solanine.
Tomato juice the drink provides the body with a large amount of lycopene, an antioxidant with protective function against prostate tumors.
Curiosity - the species which resulted in the current tomato species are: Solanum peruvianum, disease resistant and high in vitamin C, Solanum pennellii, drought resistant and contains vitamin C and A, and sugar; Solanum pimpinellifolium provides resistance to fungus attack, root diseases and nematodes, Solanum agrimoniifolium offers numerous resistance genes attack insects, mites and viruses, Lycopersicon parviflorum genes that enhance the color offering fruit, Lycopersicon esculentum var genes cerasiforme offers and withstand high temperatureshumidity Lycopersicon chmielewskii, Lycopersicon parviflorum, Lycopersicon chilena, Lycopersicon cheesmanii.
In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.
The Aztecs called the tomatoes' xitomatl ', indicating fruit juicy and similar to each other, they also believed that tomatoes have aphrodisiac powers, it would be why the French called the tomato "pomme d'amour'.
Glycine max - soybean
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.