Scientific name - Solanum lycopersicum L.
Synonyms - Lycopersicum esculentum Miller.
Popular names - red, tomato, tomato, pomodori.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Andes western Peru and Ecuador.
Description - herbaceous plant annually. Stems erect or prostrate, branched, the branches of the upper arm, short branches that give the flowers emerge. Leaves consist of 2-12 pairs of leaflets, between two pairs of large leaves no one to three pairs smaller, pubescent, rough. CIMA branched inflorescence. Flowers presents short stalk, calyx 6 (-10) separate acute, pubescent, corolla yellow-green, five petals, stamens 5-10, filaments short, ovary plurilocular world. Baca fruit, various forms, ellipsoidal and pear. Seeds ellipsoid to reniforme, 3.3 - 4 x 2.7 - 3.1 mm. 2n = 24
Growth Rate - repede.
Propagation - by seed. Germinate in 7-10 days.
Properties and Uses - used in salads, contains vitamins A and C. All of the plant are toxic green patios, contain solanine.
Tomato juice the drink provides the body with a large amount of lycopene, an antioxidant with protective function against prostate tumors.
Curiosity - the species which resulted in the current tomato species are: Solanum peruvianum, disease resistant and high in vitamin C, Solanum pennellii, drought resistant and contains vitamin C and A, and sugar; Solanum pimpinellifolium provides resistance to fungus attack, root diseases and nematodes, Solanum agrimoniifolium offers numerous resistance genes attack insects, mites and viruses, Lycopersicon parviflorum genes that enhance the color offering fruit, Lycopersicon esculentum var genes cerasiforme offers and withstand high temperatureshumidity Lycopersicon chmielewskii, Lycopersicon parviflorum, Lycopersicon chilena, Lycopersicon cheesmanii.
In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.
The Aztecs called the tomatoes' xitomatl ', indicating fruit juicy and similar to each other, they also believed that tomatoes have aphrodisiac powers, it would be why the French called the tomato "pomme d'amour'.
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