Scientific name - Solanum lycopersicum L.
Synonyms - Lycopersicum esculentum Miller.
Popular names - red, tomato, tomato, pomodori.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Andes western Peru and Ecuador.
Description - herbaceous plant annually. Stems erect or prostrate, branched, the branches of the upper arm, short branches that give the flowers emerge. Leaves consist of 2-12 pairs of leaflets, between two pairs of large leaves no one to three pairs smaller, pubescent, rough. CIMA branched inflorescence. Flowers presents short stalk, calyx 6 (-10) separate acute, pubescent, corolla yellow-green, five petals, stamens 5-10, filaments short, ovary plurilocular world. Baca fruit, various forms, ellipsoidal and pear. Seeds ellipsoid to reniforme, 3.3 - 4 x 2.7 - 3.1 mm. 2n = 24
Growth Rate - repede.
Propagation - by seed. Germinate in 7-10 days.
Properties and Uses - used in salads, contains vitamins A and C. All of the plant are toxic green patios, contain solanine.
Tomato juice the drink provides the body with a large amount of lycopene, an antioxidant with protective function against prostate tumors.
Curiosity - the species which resulted in the current tomato species are: Solanum peruvianum, disease resistant and high in vitamin C, Solanum pennellii, drought resistant and contains vitamin C and A, and sugar; Solanum pimpinellifolium provides resistance to fungus attack, root diseases and nematodes, Solanum agrimoniifolium offers numerous resistance genes attack insects, mites and viruses, Lycopersicon parviflorum genes that enhance the color offering fruit, Lycopersicon esculentum var genes cerasiforme offers and withstand high temperatureshumidity Lycopersicon chmielewskii, Lycopersicon parviflorum, Lycopersicon chilena, Lycopersicon cheesmanii.
In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.
The Aztecs called the tomatoes' xitomatl ', indicating fruit juicy and similar to each other, they also believed that tomatoes have aphrodisiac powers, it would be why the French called the tomato "pomme d'amour'.
Glycine max - soybean
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .