28
Jul
2011
Solanum lycopersicum
Vegetables | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Solanum lycopersicum L.

Synonyms - Lycopersicum esculentum Miller.

Popular names - red, tomato, tomato, pomodori.

Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Andes western Peru and Ecuador.

Description - herbaceous plant annually. Stems erect or prostrate, branched, the branches of the upper arm, short branches that give the flowers emerge. Leaves consist of 2-12 pairs of leaflets, between two pairs of large leaves no one to three pairs smaller, pubescent, rough. CIMA branched inflorescence. Flowers presents short stalk, calyx 6 (-10) separate acute, pubescent, corolla yellow-green, five petals, stamens 5-10, filaments short, ovary plurilocular world. Baca fruit, various forms, ellipsoidal and pear. Seeds ellipsoid to reniforme, 3.3 - 4 x 2.7 - 3.1 mm. 2n = 24

Growth Rate - repede.

Propagation - by seed. Germinate in 7-10 days.

Properties and Uses - used in salads, contains vitamins A and C. All of the plant are toxic green patios, contain solanine.

Tomato juice the drink provides the body with a large amount of lycopene, an antioxidant with protective function against prostate tumors.

Curiosity - the species which resulted in the current tomato species are: Solanum peruvianum, disease resistant and high in vitamin C, Solanum pennellii, drought resistant and contains vitamin C and A, and sugar; Solanum pimpinellifolium provides resistance to fungus attack, root diseases and nematodes, Solanum agrimoniifolium offers numerous resistance genes attack insects, mites and viruses, Lycopersicon parviflorum genes that enhance the color offering fruit, Lycopersicon esculentum var genes cerasiforme offers and withstand high temperatureshumidity Lycopersicon chmielewskii, Lycopersicon parviflorum, Lycopersicon chilena, Lycopersicon cheesmanii.

In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.

The Aztecs called the tomatoes' xitomatl ', indicating fruit juicy and similar to each other, they also believed that tomatoes have aphrodisiac powers, it would be why the French called the tomato "pomme d'amour'.

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Vegetables
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard

Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.

 
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber

Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long

 
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Magnoliopsida
Euphrasia arguta reappeared after 100 years

Euphrasia arguta - this species was considered missing for 100 years, last time it was mentioned in June 1904.

The species was identified and confirmed by the botanist Dr. Bill Barker.

 
Pavone multiflora

Genus belongs to the Malvaceae, tribe Malvavisceae, which is characterized by a number of corporate sites is double that of carpelelor.

 
Petunia hybrida

Petunia hybrida - herbaceous, annual, used as an ornamental species in parks, gardens and terraces. Hybrid species derived from Petunia integrifolia and Petunia axillaris by Atkins in 1834.

 
Cananga odorata

Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.

 
Harpephyllum caffrum

Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links