Scientific name - Solanum lycopersicum L.
Synonyms - Lycopersicum esculentum Miller.
Popular names - red, tomato, tomato, pomodori.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Andes western Peru and Ecuador.
Description - herbaceous plant annually. Stems erect or prostrate, branched, the branches of the upper arm, short branches that give the flowers emerge. Leaves consist of 2-12 pairs of leaflets, between two pairs of large leaves no one to three pairs smaller, pubescent, rough. CIMA branched inflorescence. Flowers presents short stalk, calyx 6 (-10) separate acute, pubescent, corolla yellow-green, five petals, stamens 5-10, filaments short, ovary plurilocular world. Baca fruit, various forms, ellipsoidal and pear. Seeds ellipsoid to reniforme, 3.3 - 4 x 2.7 - 3.1 mm. 2n = 24
Growth Rate - repede.
Propagation - by seed. Germinate in 7-10 days.
Properties and Uses - used in salads, contains vitamins A and C. All of the plant are toxic green patios, contain solanine.
Tomato juice the drink provides the body with a large amount of lycopene, an antioxidant with protective function against prostate tumors.
Curiosity - the species which resulted in the current tomato species are: Solanum peruvianum, disease resistant and high in vitamin C, Solanum pennellii, drought resistant and contains vitamin C and A, and sugar; Solanum pimpinellifolium provides resistance to fungus attack, root diseases and nematodes, Solanum agrimoniifolium offers numerous resistance genes attack insects, mites and viruses, Lycopersicon parviflorum genes that enhance the color offering fruit, Lycopersicon esculentum var genes cerasiforme offers and withstand high temperatureshumidity Lycopersicon chmielewskii, Lycopersicon parviflorum, Lycopersicon chilena, Lycopersicon cheesmanii.
In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.
The Aztecs called the tomatoes' xitomatl ', indicating fruit juicy and similar to each other, they also believed that tomatoes have aphrodisiac powers, it would be why the French called the tomato "pomme d'amour'.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Glycine max - soybean
Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.