Scientific Name - Spartium junceum
Synonyms - Spartium acutifolium, Spartium americanum.
Popular names - ginestra, ginestra odorosa, spanish broom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Description - species shrub, 50-200 cm tall, stems erect or ascending, branched, green. Leaves fell with the flowers, linear-lanceolate, 1-3 cm long, Sesi and short stem, dark green to glauca, entire edge. Flowers hermaphrodite, papilionate their joint apical raceme lax, short stems, golden yellow, fragrant. Calyx membranous, 5 sepals, 4 cm long. Corola glabrous, 2-2.5 cm. Superior ovary. Blooms from May to July. Entomofila pollination. Fruit clusters sericee, dehiscence. 10-18 seeds brunze, glossy, poisonous.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate pollution.
Requirements - adapts to any type of substrate. Prefers poor sandy land, well-drained.
Management - the first year seedlings is home to the winter and next spring are planted in permanent locations.
Propagation - by seeds. Germinate in 3-4 months at 20-25 C. ̊
Pests and diseases - diseases and Armillaria mellem Rosellinia necatrix radical attack of plant equipment. Diseases of leaves and stems: Ceratophorum setosum, Uromyces genistae tintoriae, Phomopsis sp. Read and Septoria.
Insects cracivora APHIS, Chionastis salicis.
Mites: Eryophies genistae.
Properties and Uses - entire plant, but especially the flowers and seeds contain alkaloids.
Specie common in parks and gardens as an ornamental species, to adapt to any type of terrain.
Due to the radical is used as a species for land consolidation and their enrichment in nitrogen.
Curiosity - in the II World Raboi, the strain of this plant produces a fiber for clothing.
Trees and shrubs
Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Rosa moschata 'Mozart'
Rosa moschata 'Mozart' is an antique rose, used as an ornamental species, solitary or in groups of 2-4 plants.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Glycine max - soybean
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.