Scientific Name - Spartium junceum
Synonyms - Spartium acutifolium, Spartium americanum.
Popular names - ginestra, ginestra odorosa, spanish broom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Description - species shrub, 50-200 cm tall, stems erect or ascending, branched, green. Leaves fell with the flowers, linear-lanceolate, 1-3 cm long, Sesi and short stem, dark green to glauca, entire edge. Flowers hermaphrodite, papilionate their joint apical raceme lax, short stems, golden yellow, fragrant. Calyx membranous, 5 sepals, 4 cm long. Corola glabrous, 2-2.5 cm. Superior ovary. Blooms from May to July. Entomofila pollination. Fruit clusters sericee, dehiscence. 10-18 seeds brunze, glossy, poisonous.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate pollution.
Requirements - adapts to any type of substrate. Prefers poor sandy land, well-drained.
Management - the first year seedlings is home to the winter and next spring are planted in permanent locations.
Propagation - by seeds. Germinate in 3-4 months at 20-25 C. ̊
Pests and diseases - diseases and Armillaria mellem Rosellinia necatrix radical attack of plant equipment. Diseases of leaves and stems: Ceratophorum setosum, Uromyces genistae tintoriae, Phomopsis sp. Read and Septoria.
Insects cracivora APHIS, Chionastis salicis.
Mites: Eryophies genistae.
Properties and Uses - entire plant, but especially the flowers and seeds contain alkaloids.
Specie common in parks and gardens as an ornamental species, to adapt to any type of terrain.
Due to the radical is used as a species for land consolidation and their enrichment in nitrogen.
Curiosity - in the II World Raboi, the strain of this plant produces a fiber for clothing.
Trees and shrubs
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Liana Wood, single, semi-evergreen, perennial. Strain gray-brown with prominent lenticele. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5 folio ribbed stipelate. Oblonga call to Foliolele ovat-elliptic, the round, ribbed 4.5 to 10 cm long. Raceme axillary blossom, clocks, male flowers are arranged terminal
Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.