25
May
2010
Spartium junceum
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Spartium junceum

Synonyms - Spartium acutifolium, Spartium americanum.

Popular names - ginestra, ginestra odorosa, spanish broom.

Distribution and Habitat - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.

Description - species shrub, 50-200 cm tall, stems erect or ascending, branched, green. Leaves fell with the flowers, linear-lanceolate, 1-3 cm long, Sesi and short stem, dark green to glauca, entire edge. Flowers hermaphrodite, papilionate their joint apical raceme lax, short stems, golden yellow, fragrant. Calyx membranous, 5 sepals, 4 cm long. Corola glabrous, 2-2.5 cm. Superior ovary. Blooms from May to July. Entomofila pollination. Fruit clusters sericee, dehiscence. 10-18 seeds brunze, glossy, poisonous.

Growth rate -

Tolerances - tolerate pollution.

Requirements - adapts to any type of substrate. Prefers poor sandy land, well-drained.

Management - the first year seedlings is home to the winter and next spring are planted in permanent locations.

Propagation - by seeds. Germinate in 3-4 months at 20-25 C. ̊

Pests and diseases - diseases and Armillaria mellem Rosellinia necatrix radical attack of plant equipment. Diseases of leaves and stems: Ceratophorum setosum, Uromyces genistae tintoriae, Phomopsis sp. Read and Septoria.

Insects cracivora APHIS, Chionastis salicis.

Mites: Eryophies genistae.

Properties and Uses - entire plant, but especially the flowers and seeds contain alkaloids.

Specie common in parks and gardens as an ornamental species, to adapt to any type of terrain.

Due to the radical is used as a species for land consolidation and their enrichment in nitrogen.

Curiosity - in the II World Raboi, the strain of this plant produces a fiber for clothing.

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