Scientific Name - Spartium junceum
Synonyms - Spartium acutifolium, Spartium americanum.
Popular names - ginestra, ginestra odorosa, spanish broom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Description - species shrub, 50-200 cm tall, stems erect or ascending, branched, green. Leaves fell with the flowers, linear-lanceolate, 1-3 cm long, Sesi and short stem, dark green to glauca, entire edge. Flowers hermaphrodite, papilionate their joint apical raceme lax, short stems, golden yellow, fragrant. Calyx membranous, 5 sepals, 4 cm long. Corola glabrous, 2-2.5 cm. Superior ovary. Blooms from May to July. Entomofila pollination. Fruit clusters sericee, dehiscence. 10-18 seeds brunze, glossy, poisonous.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate pollution.
Requirements - adapts to any type of substrate. Prefers poor sandy land, well-drained.
Management - the first year seedlings is home to the winter and next spring are planted in permanent locations.
Propagation - by seeds. Germinate in 3-4 months at 20-25 C. ̊
Pests and diseases - diseases and Armillaria mellem Rosellinia necatrix radical attack of plant equipment. Diseases of leaves and stems: Ceratophorum setosum, Uromyces genistae tintoriae, Phomopsis sp. Read and Septoria.
Insects cracivora APHIS, Chionastis salicis.
Mites: Eryophies genistae.
Properties and Uses - entire plant, but especially the flowers and seeds contain alkaloids.
Specie common in parks and gardens as an ornamental species, to adapt to any type of terrain.
Due to the radical is used as a species for land consolidation and their enrichment in nitrogen.
Curiosity - in the II World Raboi, the strain of this plant produces a fiber for clothing.
Trees and shrubs
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Carpinus betulus - hard wood shaft with durable but less humid conditions. Suprta trimming and better suited for bonsai training.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Syringa vulgaris L.
Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Kigelia is a genus with a singke species, which is cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Sausage tree is a tree whit a invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings and paving.