Scientific Name - Spartium junceum
Synonyms - Spartium acutifolium, Spartium americanum.
Popular names - ginestra, ginestra odorosa, spanish broom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Description - species shrub, 50-200 cm tall, stems erect or ascending, branched, green. Leaves fell with the flowers, linear-lanceolate, 1-3 cm long, Sesi and short stem, dark green to glauca, entire edge. Flowers hermaphrodite, papilionate their joint apical raceme lax, short stems, golden yellow, fragrant. Calyx membranous, 5 sepals, 4 cm long. Corola glabrous, 2-2.5 cm. Superior ovary. Blooms from May to July. Entomofila pollination. Fruit clusters sericee, dehiscence. 10-18 seeds brunze, glossy, poisonous.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate pollution.
Requirements - adapts to any type of substrate. Prefers poor sandy land, well-drained.
Management - the first year seedlings is home to the winter and next spring are planted in permanent locations.
Propagation - by seeds. Germinate in 3-4 months at 20-25 C. ̊
Pests and diseases - diseases and Armillaria mellem Rosellinia necatrix radical attack of plant equipment. Diseases of leaves and stems: Ceratophorum setosum, Uromyces genistae tintoriae, Phomopsis sp. Read and Septoria.
Insects cracivora APHIS, Chionastis salicis.
Mites: Eryophies genistae.
Properties and Uses - entire plant, but especially the flowers and seeds contain alkaloids.
Specie common in parks and gardens as an ornamental species, to adapt to any type of terrain.
Due to the radical is used as a species for land consolidation and their enrichment in nitrogen.
Curiosity - in the II World Raboi, the strain of this plant produces a fiber for clothing.
Trees and shrubs
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Syringa vulgaris L.
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Campanula spicata - Alpine endemic species which grows on calcareous rocks, cultivated as ornamental species for rock garden.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.