03
Jul
2009
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
4
0

Scientific name - Stachys palustris L.

Synonyms - Stachys palustris var. Elliptical, Stachys palustris var. stalks, Stachys palustris var. segetum.

Popular names - Jales the swamp, stregona paludous, concrete delle paludal, woundwort Marsh, Marsh hedgenettle, EPIA des Marais, Sumpf-Ziest, espiga paludous.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Europe, Scandinavia, the Mediterranean Sea basin, Iran, Mongolia, China, Japan and Siberia, grows in wet or marshy places, near water courses.

Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, frunzele basal stalks are short. Flowers hermaphrodite, meeting the armpit bracteelor, arranged in a kind ear blossom. Calyx consonant with glandular hairs, 5 sepa triangulation. Corola consonant, labiumul lower is longer than the upper, pink-purple with a big white stain on the middle and other dark purple, small. Seeds smooth, obovata, 1.6-2.0 x 1.3-1.5 mm, the uneven, dark brown to red brown, about 1000 seeds from 1.5-2.0 g Infloreste in June to September. 2n = 64.

Stachys palustris subsp. arenicola - flower spike by 6-10 vertical, each verticil contains 4.8 flowers white or pink with pink-purple spots. Peri on calyx are green or green-purple.

Stachys palustris subsp. palustris - calyx with glandular hairs and hairs neglandulari.

Stachys palustris subsp. roots - simple strain. Rhizome long, crawler, small tuber produces the top. Leaves Sesi, narrow-oblong-lanceolata, top acute, the subcordata,crenat-soirees, pubescent on both sides. Flowers arranged in vertical 6 flower spike dormeaza a terminal, calyx hairy, lobes subulati; Corola pale purple to purple, pubescent outside.

Tolerances - ͦ temperatures to 10 C.

Requirements - prefers moist soil and semi-shaded or full sun. Optimum temperature 22-25 C. ͦ

Propagation - by dividing the rhizomes.

Properties and Uses - astringent properties.

Stachys palustris can be used to control soil erosion.

Boiled leaves are edible, for pigs, other pets do not eat because the smell unpleasant.

References

John H. Wiersema, Blanca Leon - World Economic Plants - CRC Press, 1999

Lee Allen Peterson - A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants - Houghton Mifflin, 2000

Richard Dickinson, France Royer & nDash, Weeds of Canada and the Northern United States - University of Alberta Press, 1999

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