Scientific name - Stachys palustris L.
Synonyms - Stachys palustris var. Elliptical, Stachys palustris var. stalks, Stachys palustris var. segetum.
Popular names - Jales the swamp, stregona paludous, concrete delle paludal, woundwort Marsh, Marsh hedgenettle, EPIA des Marais, Sumpf-Ziest, espiga paludous.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Europe, Scandinavia, the Mediterranean Sea basin, Iran, Mongolia, China, Japan and Siberia, grows in wet or marshy places, near water courses.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, frunzele basal stalks are short. Flowers hermaphrodite, meeting the armpit bracteelor, arranged in a kind ear blossom. Calyx consonant with glandular hairs, 5 sepa triangulation. Corola consonant, labiumul lower is longer than the upper, pink-purple with a big white stain on the middle and other dark purple, small. Seeds smooth, obovata, 1.6-2.0 x 1.3-1.5 mm, the uneven, dark brown to red brown, about 1000 seeds from 1.5-2.0 g Infloreste in June to September. 2n = 64.
Stachys palustris subsp. arenicola - flower spike by 6-10 vertical, each verticil contains 4.8 flowers white or pink with pink-purple spots. Peri on calyx are green or green-purple.
Stachys palustris subsp. palustris - calyx with glandular hairs and hairs neglandulari.
Stachys palustris subsp. roots - simple strain. Rhizome long, crawler, small tuber produces the top. Leaves Sesi, narrow-oblong-lanceolata, top acute, the subcordata,crenat-soirees, pubescent on both sides. Flowers arranged in vertical 6 flower spike dormeaza a terminal, calyx hairy, lobes subulati; Corola pale purple to purple, pubescent outside.
Tolerances - ͦ temperatures to 10 C.
Requirements - prefers moist soil and semi-shaded or full sun. Optimum temperature 22-25 C. ͦ
Propagation - by dividing the rhizomes.
Properties and Uses - astringent properties.
Stachys palustris can be used to control soil erosion.
Boiled leaves are edible, for pigs, other pets do not eat because the smell unpleasant.
John H. Wiersema, Blanca Leon - World Economic Plants - CRC Press, 1999
Lee Allen Peterson - A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants - Houghton Mifflin, 2000
Richard Dickinson, France Royer & nDash, Weeds of Canada and the Northern United States - University of Alberta Press, 1999
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.