29
Nov
2008
Succulent plants - overview
Cactus and succulent plants

Succulent plants have a variety of forms, many being common as ornamentals. Used for foliage and flowers to decorate their rooms, balconies, terraces and gardens. Agave and Furcraea gardens can grow even in soil, on rocks.

Climate requirements are approximately the same for all succulent plants, can grow together. They need the light of the sun, of a porous soil with good drainage, and a relative air drought.

Compost to be used as a substrate for succulent plants must be composed of 1 part leaf soil, 2 parts coarse sand (2-4 mm diameter), 1 / 3 well decomposed organic manure, 1 / 3 garden soil, 1 / 3 charcoal and stone ground.

For Aloe, Euphorbia and Agave, compost can be land rich leaves and organic fertilizer. Aeonium and Echeveria need a substrate with more sand, but not to excess.

Potassium monophosphate is a good fertilizer for all plants fat, 1 gr. / L of water.

Potassium nitrate is used 1 g. / L twice a month for all juicy.

Magnesium sulfate, 1 gr. / L of water once a year for all juicy, and for Asclepiadoideae every 15 days.

Most can be juicy and vegetative propagation by seeds, spring, the best conditions for seed germination is 30-35 ° C and humidity relAtiv of 90%.

In alpine areas, the plants should be protected in winter snow, keeping them at temperatures from 0 to 1 ° C.

References

Diana Morgan - Succulents for Mediterranean Climate Gardens - Rosenberg, 2004  

Anne Swithinbank - The Greenhouse Gardener - Frances Lincoln, 1 edition, 2006

Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007

Ray Rogers - Crazy About Cacti and Succulents - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Focke Albers, Ulrich Meve - Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Asclepiadoideae - Springer, 2 edition, 2003

See also
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Cactus and succulent plants
Kalanchoe eriophylla

Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.

Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.

 
Bulbine frutescens

Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.

 
Hatiora gaertneri

Hatiora gaertneri pendence is a shrub, very branched. Originally from southeastern Brazil, which grows at altitudes of 350-1300 m. The stem is segmented, each segment is about 5 cm, with small notches on the edges, green mat. Is devoid of thorns, or are very small.

 
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958

Corryocactus is a genus of cacti native of western South America, with strong columnare strains. Flowers are bell shaped. Fruit large overall, with thorns, edible.

 
Delosperma cooperi

 Delosperma cooperi originated southern Africa. Prostrata or erect stem, grows up to 13 cm high and 60 inches wide. Leaves opposite, succulent, cylindrical or 3 angles, without stipule. Flowers solitary or Cime, terminal or axillary, 8 cm diameter, open purple, calyx with 5 lobes unequal, inferior ovary with 5 rooms.

 
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