29
Nov
2008
Succulent plants - overview
Cactus and succulent plants

Succulent plants have a variety of forms, many being common as ornamentals. Used for foliage and flowers to decorate their rooms, balconies, terraces and gardens. Agave and Furcraea gardens can grow even in soil, on rocks.

Climate requirements are approximately the same for all succulent plants, can grow together. They need the light of the sun, of a porous soil with good drainage, and a relative air drought.

Compost to be used as a substrate for succulent plants must be composed of 1 part leaf soil, 2 parts coarse sand (2-4 mm diameter), 1 / 3 well decomposed organic manure, 1 / 3 garden soil, 1 / 3 charcoal and stone ground.

For Aloe, Euphorbia and Agave, compost can be land rich leaves and organic fertilizer. Aeonium and Echeveria need a substrate with more sand, but not to excess.

Potassium monophosphate is a good fertilizer for all plants fat, 1 gr. / L of water.

Potassium nitrate is used 1 g. / L twice a month for all juicy.

Magnesium sulfate, 1 gr. / L of water once a year for all juicy, and for Asclepiadoideae every 15 days.

Most can be juicy and vegetative propagation by seeds, spring, the best conditions for seed germination is 30-35 ° C and humidity relAtiv of 90%.

In alpine areas, the plants should be protected in winter snow, keeping them at temperatures from 0 to 1 ° C.

References

Diana Morgan - Succulents for Mediterranean Climate Gardens - Rosenberg, 2004  

Anne Swithinbank - The Greenhouse Gardener - Frances Lincoln, 1 edition, 2006

Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007

Ray Rogers - Crazy About Cacti and Succulents - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Focke Albers, Ulrich Meve - Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Asclepiadoideae - Springer, 2 edition, 2003

See also
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Cactus and succulent plants
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance

Popular name for Agapanthus: English - Lily of the Nile, Africa - agape, Zulu - ubani.

Agapanthus has been described for the first time in 1679 and was named by L'Heritier in 1788. The name derives from the Greek 'agape' - love and 'anthis' - relating to flower

 
Aloe vera Mill.

Aloe Vera - perennial herb with stem wood, 2-3 m, simple neramificata, covered by remnants of dried leaves. Rosette leaves collected in the top of the trunk, Sesia, triangulation into sections and are consistent meat lower surface is convex, the top is concave according to the turgid leaf

 
American Agave

Agave americana - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Arid soils increases in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.

Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.

 
Cactus fertilization

Manure for such plants must be done with fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium.

Nitrogen should be given in limited quantities, that stimulates plant growth, weakens tissues and increases perspiration. Manure must be made during late winter to spring to stimulate growth and flowering.

 
Sansevieria

Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.

 
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