29
Nov
2008
Succulent plants - overview
Cactus and succulent plants

Succulent plants have a variety of forms, many being common as ornamentals. Used for foliage and flowers to decorate their rooms, balconies, terraces and gardens. Agave and Furcraea gardens can grow even in soil, on rocks.

Climate requirements are approximately the same for all succulent plants, can grow together. They need the light of the sun, of a porous soil with good drainage, and a relative air drought.

Compost to be used as a substrate for succulent plants must be composed of 1 part leaf soil, 2 parts coarse sand (2-4 mm diameter), 1 / 3 well decomposed organic manure, 1 / 3 garden soil, 1 / 3 charcoal and stone ground.

For Aloe, Euphorbia and Agave, compost can be land rich leaves and organic fertilizer. Aeonium and Echeveria need a substrate with more sand, but not to excess.

Potassium monophosphate is a good fertilizer for all plants fat, 1 gr. / L of water.

Potassium nitrate is used 1 g. / L twice a month for all juicy.

Magnesium sulfate, 1 gr. / L of water once a year for all juicy, and for Asclepiadoideae every 15 days.

Most can be juicy and vegetative propagation by seeds, spring, the best conditions for seed germination is 30-35 ° C and humidity relAtiv of 90%.

In alpine areas, the plants should be protected in winter snow, keeping them at temperatures from 0 to 1 ° C.

References

Diana Morgan - Succulents for Mediterranean Climate Gardens - Rosenberg, 2004  

Anne Swithinbank - The Greenhouse Gardener - Frances Lincoln, 1 edition, 2006

Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007

Ray Rogers - Crazy About Cacti and Succulents - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Focke Albers, Ulrich Meve - Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Asclepiadoideae - Springer, 2 edition, 2003

See also
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Cactus and succulent plants
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes

Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.

 
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819

Genus Rhipsalis includes 35 species of cacti, originating from dry areas of Canada to Patagonia and naturalized in the tropics and subtropice. Pendente growth, numerous bends. Stem cylindrical, with ribbed or payment. The flowers are small. Fruit small, spherical, fleshy.

 
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium

Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes. 

 
Hatiora gaertneri

Hatiora gaertneri pendence is a shrub, very branched. Originally from southeastern Brazil, which grows at altitudes of 350-1300 m. The stem is segmented, each segment is about 5 cm, with small notches on the edges, green mat. Is devoid of thorns, or are very small.

 
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