10
Mar
2009
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
1
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Scientific name - Symphoricarpos albus SF Blake, Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook., Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench. Symphoricarpos orbiculatus was first described by Linnaeus as the Lonicera Symphoricarpos.

Synonyms - Symphoricarpos racemosus Michx. for Symphoricarpos albus.

Popular names - snowberry, Hurmuz, western snowberry, coralberry.

Distribution and Habitat - grows in forests and along water courses, at 600-1200 m altitude.

Description & ndash; Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.

Symphoricarpos albus SF Blake - bush to 1 m high, branches erect, thin, yellow-brown, pubescent in youth, especially at nodes, glabra time, trunk bark is thin, gray or red-brown, exfoliating in strips; buds occur in winter, pubescent, 2 mm long. Leaves oval or ovata, 1-4 x 0,8-2,5 cm, top acute or obtuse, base cuneata and round edges entire, rarely sinuous, Chile, ribbed pubescent, 1-3 mm long. Blossomsolitary, 2-5 flowers. Calyx with 5 lobes, 0,4-0,9 mm long, triangular or lanceolata, green, glabrata to Chile; Corola 5-lobed, 5-7 x 3-5 mm, pink, round, on the outside lobes are glabra, interior Vilos, stamens and style not exceed Corola, pedicel. Blooms in June-July. Drupal round, white, 6-15 mm in diameter, the calyx to open varf.Seminte brown, 5 mm.

Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook. - Bush, 150 cm tall, gray-brown ritidom, stalk thin, brown, pubescent to glabra, 0.5 mm long buds. Leaves oval or elliptical, or suborbiculare, 2-6 cm, top acute to obtuse, base cuneata, round or truncata, margins entire or lobate iregulat typical cilia; glabra on both sides, glabra, pubescent on ribs, ribbed 2.7 mm glabru or pubescent. Flowers in axillary raceme peak Lujerul, Sesia, horseiciu with 5 lobes triangular, acute, green, Corola campanulata, pink, 5-8 mm long, 5 lobes rounded, 3-4 mm, hairy on the inside, 5 stamens and style beyond Corola. Blooms in July-August. Fruit 1 cm diameter, white-greenish, calyx persistent.

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench - shrub, metall 0,5-2,0 m high. Stem thin, branched, erect. Gray bark in strips. Branches erect, gray young branches are brown or purple, slightly hairy. Small buds and scaly. Leaves 2.5 x 3.5 cm, light green, elliptic, or subrotunde ovata, top obtuse or acute, margin entire or wavy, the round or slightly cuneata, glabra on the upper side, slightly hairy on the underside, ribbed 1.4 mm, short hairy. Flowers blossom in a 7.8 each, 2-3 mm diameter, axillary, the annual branches; bractei and bracteole small. Calyx 2,0-2,5 mm, 5 lobes triangular, ciliati. Corola 2,5-4,0 mm, pink, 5 rounded lobes, glabra outside, slightly hairy on the inside. 5 stamens, white filament, anther yellow hairy style. Drupe 4-6 mm diameter, pink coral and green oval.

Tolerances - dry soil after it stabilized. Symphoricarpos orbiculatus tolerate drought and shade.

Requirements - need alkaline soil, clay, exhibitions sunny or semi-shady.

Management - Severe skims may apply and will regenerate quickly.

Propagation - by seeds. Peel the seeds of the flesh, and it looks like autumn. The stem cuttings shoots, summer, or root cuttings.

Diseases and pests - Glomerella cingulata causes brown spots on fruit, Sphaceloma Symphoricarpos, April Spring purple or black spots on leaves, leaves, flowers and fruits become abnormal. Controlling the second bean is by trimming branches infected, and prevent new infections with specific products.

Alternaria sp. and Botrytis cinerea attacks the fruit, which become yellow or brown. Microsphaera diffusa, Podosphaera oxycanthea, Puccinia crandallii, P. Symphoricarpos, Hemaris diffinis, Trialeurodes glacialis, Exobasidium symploci.

Natural partners and Garden - Centranthus ruber.

Cultivars and varieties - S. orbiculatus 'Foliis Variegatis', 'Taff's Silver Edge', 'Taff's Variegated'.

Properties and Uses - fruits are toxic, contain saponins and alkaloids. It causes nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea. Cold decoction of the root Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Symphoricarpos occidentalis or infusion of leaves, applied to inflammations of the eye.

Symphoricarpos albus can be used as ground coverings in Cross or curbs. Symphoricarpos orbiculatus grows well as a solitary species.

References

Daniel E. Moerman - Native American ethnobotany - Timber Press, 1998

Stubbendieck James, Stephan L. Hatch, LM Landholt - North American Wildland Plants - University of Nebraska Press, 2004

Les Viereck - Alaska Trees and Shrubs - University of Alaska Press, 2007

Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick - Handbook of Poisonousand injurious plants - Springer, 2007

Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978

Peter Sell, Gina Murrell, SM Walters - Flora of Great Britain and Ireland - Cambridge University Press, 2006

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