Popular names - English - common Lilac, Pipe Tree, Japanese - Murasaki hashidoi, rairakku; Romanian - lilac, Spanish - lilac, lilo.
Distribution and habitat - a native of the mountainous regions of south-eastern Europe.
Description - up to 2-7 m tall shrub. Gray-brown bark. Industries thin to moderately robust, olive green, or gray, glabra, smooth. Ovoizi shoots, 4-8 mm long, green to dark red glabru. Leaves opposite, deciduous, simple, or obovat cordiforme-acuminata, the heart or round, the top surface of the leaf is dark green and the underside is pale green, margin entire, 7-13 cm long, 3-7 cm wide. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 10-20 cm long, simple or double, calyx persistent, 4 sepals, corolla tubular, 8-12 mm long, 4 petals, 2 stamens, ovary bilocular. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, ovoid-oblong, 10-15 mm long.
Tolerance - the warmth and IMUacidity.
Requirements - prefers heavy soils, fertile, well drained, sunny exhibition.
Propagation - by layering, cuttings or drajoni. Are planted at distances of 1-2 m and 3-4 m between rows. All industries is clipped at ground level next year.
Management - the best time for transplanting is late summer or autumn. On hot days in July-August is the time for transplant excellent. Pollution, poor soil, age and disease pests are factors. Pruning after blooming to do is cut all the blossoms.
Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas syringae, Erwinia sp., Phytophthora syringae, Phytophthora ramorum, Ascochyta syringae, Verticillium albo-Astrum, Microsphaera syringae, Otiorhynchus lugdunensis, Lyttle vesicatoria, ketone aurata.
Cultivars and varieties: Syringa vulgaris var. White, S. v. var. brevilaciniata, S. v. coerulea, S. v. var. hyacinthoides, S. v. V ar. parviflora, S. v. var. pulchella, S. v. var. purpurea, S. v. var. rubra, S. v. var. purple, 'President Lincoln', 'Aurea', 'Belle de Nancy' Charles X 'Congo', 'Madame Lemoine'.
Garden Partners - Paeonia officinalis , Paeonia lactiflora , Magnolia x soulangiana , Magnolia liliflora , Hosta sieboldiana , Rhododendron ,taxon174395/Alyssum_idaeum "target =" _blank "> Alyssum idaeum, Hemerocallis .
Properties and uses - a species common in landscaping.
Curiosity - the leaves and flowers contain phenolic acids and effects against fever.
Bruce MacDonald - Practical Woody Plant propagation - Timber Press, 1987
Denise Wiles Adams - Restoring American Gardens - Timber Press, 2004
Fr. John L. Fiala, Freek Vrugtman - Lilacs: A Gardener's Encyclopedia - Timber Press, 2008
Robert E. Swanson, Frances R. Swanson - A Field Guide to the Trees and shrubs of the Southern Appalachians - The Johns Hopkins Press, 1994
Trees and shrubs
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.