Popular names - English - common Lilac, Pipe Tree, Japanese - Murasaki hashidoi, rairakku; Romanian - lilac, Spanish - lilac, lilo.
Distribution and habitat - a native of the mountainous regions of south-eastern Europe.
Description - up to 2-7 m tall shrub. Gray-brown bark. Industries thin to moderately robust, olive green, or gray, glabra, smooth. Ovoizi shoots, 4-8 mm long, green to dark red glabru. Leaves opposite, deciduous, simple, or obovat cordiforme-acuminata, the heart or round, the top surface of the leaf is dark green and the underside is pale green, margin entire, 7-13 cm long, 3-7 cm wide. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 10-20 cm long, simple or double, calyx persistent, 4 sepals, corolla tubular, 8-12 mm long, 4 petals, 2 stamens, ovary bilocular. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, ovoid-oblong, 10-15 mm long.
Tolerance - the warmth and IMUacidity.
Requirements - prefers heavy soils, fertile, well drained, sunny exhibition.
Propagation - by layering, cuttings or drajoni. Are planted at distances of 1-2 m and 3-4 m between rows. All industries is clipped at ground level next year.
Management - the best time for transplanting is late summer or autumn. On hot days in July-August is the time for transplant excellent. Pollution, poor soil, age and disease pests are factors. Pruning after blooming to do is cut all the blossoms.
Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas syringae, Erwinia sp., Phytophthora syringae, Phytophthora ramorum, Ascochyta syringae, Verticillium albo-Astrum, Microsphaera syringae, Otiorhynchus lugdunensis, Lyttle vesicatoria, ketone aurata.
Cultivars and varieties: Syringa vulgaris var. White, S. v. var. brevilaciniata, S. v. coerulea, S. v. var. hyacinthoides, S. v. V ar. parviflora, S. v. var. pulchella, S. v. var. purpurea, S. v. var. rubra, S. v. var. purple, 'President Lincoln', 'Aurea', 'Belle de Nancy' Charles X 'Congo', 'Madame Lemoine'.
Garden Partners - Paeonia officinalis , Paeonia lactiflora , Magnolia x soulangiana , Magnolia liliflora , Hosta sieboldiana , Rhododendron ,taxon174395/Alyssum_idaeum "target =" _blank "> Alyssum idaeum, Hemerocallis .
Properties and uses - a species common in landscaping.
Curiosity - the leaves and flowers contain phenolic acids and effects against fever.
Bruce MacDonald - Practical Woody Plant propagation - Timber Press, 1987
Denise Wiles Adams - Restoring American Gardens - Timber Press, 2004
Fr. John L. Fiala, Freek Vrugtman - Lilacs: A Gardener's Encyclopedia - Timber Press, 2008
Robert E. Swanson, Frances R. Swanson - A Field Guide to the Trees and shrubs of the Southern Appalachians - The Johns Hopkins Press, 1994
Trees and shrubs
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Pelargonium australe - Muscat
Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.