19
Jan
2009
Syringa vulgaris L.
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Popular names - English - common Lilac, Pipe Tree, Japanese - Murasaki hashidoi, rairakku; Romanian - lilac, Spanish - lilac, lilo.

Distribution and habitat - a native of the mountainous regions of south-eastern Europe.

Description - up to 2-7 m tall shrub. Gray-brown bark. Industries thin to moderately robust, olive green, or gray, glabra, smooth. Ovoizi shoots, 4-8 mm long, green to dark red glabru. Leaves opposite, deciduous, simple, or obovat cordiforme-acuminata, the heart or round, the top surface of the leaf is dark green and the underside is pale green, margin entire, 7-13 cm long, 3-7 cm wide. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 10-20 cm long, simple or double, calyx persistent, 4 sepals, corolla tubular, 8-12 mm long, 4 petals, 2 stamens, ovary bilocular. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, ovoid-oblong, 10-15 mm long.

Tolerance - the warmth and IMUacidity.

Requirements - prefers heavy soils, fertile, well drained, sunny exhibition.

Propagation - by layering, cuttings or drajoni. Are planted at distances of 1-2 m and 3-4 m between rows. All industries is clipped at ground level next year.

Management - the best time for transplanting is late summer or autumn. On hot days in July-August is the time for transplant excellent. Pollution, poor soil, age and disease pests are factors. Pruning after blooming to do is cut all the blossoms.

Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas syringae, Erwinia sp., Phytophthora syringae, Phytophthora ramorum, Ascochyta syringae, Verticillium albo-Astrum, Microsphaera syringae, Otiorhynchus lugdunensis, Lyttle vesicatoria, ketone aurata.

Cultivars and varieties: Syringa vulgaris var. White, S. v. var. brevilaciniata, S. v. coerulea, S. v. var. hyacinthoides, S. v. V ar. parviflora, S. v. var. pulchella, S. v. var. purpurea, S. v. var. rubra, S. v. var. purple, 'President Lincoln', 'Aurea', 'Belle de Nancy' Charles X 'Congo', 'Madame Lemoine'.

Garden Partners - Paeonia officinalis , Paeonia lactiflora , Magnolia x soulangiana , Magnolia liliflora , Hosta sieboldiana , Rhododendron ,taxon174395/Alyssum_idaeum "target =" _blank "> Alyssum idaeum, Hemerocallis .

Properties and uses - a species common in landscaping.

Curiosity - the leaves and flowers contain phenolic acids and effects against fever.

Bibliography

Bruce MacDonald - Practical Woody Plant propagation - Timber Press, 1987

Denise Wiles Adams - Restoring American Gardens - Timber Press, 2004

Fr. John L. Fiala, Freek Vrugtman - Lilacs: A Gardener's Encyclopedia - Timber Press, 2008

Robert E. Swanson, Frances R. Swanson - A Field Guide to the Trees and shrubs of the Southern Appalachians - The Johns Hopkins Press, 1994

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