Popular names - English - common Lilac, Pipe Tree, Japanese - Murasaki hashidoi, rairakku; Romanian - lilac, Spanish - lilac, lilo.
Distribution and habitat - a native of the mountainous regions of south-eastern Europe.
Description - up to 2-7 m tall shrub. Gray-brown bark. Industries thin to moderately robust, olive green, or gray, glabra, smooth. Ovoizi shoots, 4-8 mm long, green to dark red glabru. Leaves opposite, deciduous, simple, or obovat cordiforme-acuminata, the heart or round, the top surface of the leaf is dark green and the underside is pale green, margin entire, 7-13 cm long, 3-7 cm wide. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 10-20 cm long, simple or double, calyx persistent, 4 sepals, corolla tubular, 8-12 mm long, 4 petals, 2 stamens, ovary bilocular. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, ovoid-oblong, 10-15 mm long.
Tolerance - the warmth and IMUacidity.
Requirements - prefers heavy soils, fertile, well drained, sunny exhibition.
Propagation - by layering, cuttings or drajoni. Are planted at distances of 1-2 m and 3-4 m between rows. All industries is clipped at ground level next year.
Management - the best time for transplanting is late summer or autumn. On hot days in July-August is the time for transplant excellent. Pollution, poor soil, age and disease pests are factors. Pruning after blooming to do is cut all the blossoms.
Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas syringae, Erwinia sp., Phytophthora syringae, Phytophthora ramorum, Ascochyta syringae, Verticillium albo-Astrum, Microsphaera syringae, Otiorhynchus lugdunensis, Lyttle vesicatoria, ketone aurata.
Cultivars and varieties: Syringa vulgaris var. White, S. v. var. brevilaciniata, S. v. coerulea, S. v. var. hyacinthoides, S. v. V ar. parviflora, S. v. var. pulchella, S. v. var. purpurea, S. v. var. rubra, S. v. var. purple, 'President Lincoln', 'Aurea', 'Belle de Nancy' Charles X 'Congo', 'Madame Lemoine'.
Garden Partners - Paeonia officinalis , Paeonia lactiflora , Magnolia x soulangiana , Magnolia liliflora , Hosta sieboldiana , Rhododendron ,taxon174395/Alyssum_idaeum "target =" _blank "> Alyssum idaeum, Hemerocallis .
Properties and uses - a species common in landscaping.
Curiosity - the leaves and flowers contain phenolic acids and effects against fever.
Bruce MacDonald - Practical Woody Plant propagation - Timber Press, 1987
Denise Wiles Adams - Restoring American Gardens - Timber Press, 2004
Fr. John L. Fiala, Freek Vrugtman - Lilacs: A Gardener's Encyclopedia - Timber Press, 2008
Robert E. Swanson, Frances R. Swanson - A Field Guide to the Trees and shrubs of the Southern Appalachians - The Johns Hopkins Press, 1994
Trees and shrubs
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.
Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.
Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.