Popular names - English - common Lilac, Pipe Tree, Japanese - Murasaki hashidoi, rairakku; Romanian - lilac, Spanish - lilac, lilo.
Distribution and habitat - a native of the mountainous regions of south-eastern Europe.
Description - up to 2-7 m tall shrub. Gray-brown bark. Industries thin to moderately robust, olive green, or gray, glabra, smooth. Ovoizi shoots, 4-8 mm long, green to dark red glabru. Leaves opposite, deciduous, simple, or obovat cordiforme-acuminata, the heart or round, the top surface of the leaf is dark green and the underside is pale green, margin entire, 7-13 cm long, 3-7 cm wide. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 10-20 cm long, simple or double, calyx persistent, 4 sepals, corolla tubular, 8-12 mm long, 4 petals, 2 stamens, ovary bilocular. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, ovoid-oblong, 10-15 mm long.
Tolerance - the warmth and IMUacidity.
Requirements - prefers heavy soils, fertile, well drained, sunny exhibition.
Propagation - by layering, cuttings or drajoni. Are planted at distances of 1-2 m and 3-4 m between rows. All industries is clipped at ground level next year.
Management - the best time for transplanting is late summer or autumn. On hot days in July-August is the time for transplant excellent. Pollution, poor soil, age and disease pests are factors. Pruning after blooming to do is cut all the blossoms.
Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas syringae, Erwinia sp., Phytophthora syringae, Phytophthora ramorum, Ascochyta syringae, Verticillium albo-Astrum, Microsphaera syringae, Otiorhynchus lugdunensis, Lyttle vesicatoria, ketone aurata.
Cultivars and varieties: Syringa vulgaris var. White, S. v. var. brevilaciniata, S. v. coerulea, S. v. var. hyacinthoides, S. v. V ar. parviflora, S. v. var. pulchella, S. v. var. purpurea, S. v. var. rubra, S. v. var. purple, 'President Lincoln', 'Aurea', 'Belle de Nancy' Charles X 'Congo', 'Madame Lemoine'.
Garden Partners - Paeonia officinalis , Paeonia lactiflora , Magnolia x soulangiana , Magnolia liliflora , Hosta sieboldiana , Rhododendron ,taxon174395/Alyssum_idaeum "target =" _blank "> Alyssum idaeum, Hemerocallis .
Properties and uses - a species common in landscaping.
Curiosity - the leaves and flowers contain phenolic acids and effects against fever.
Bruce MacDonald - Practical Woody Plant propagation - Timber Press, 1987
Denise Wiles Adams - Restoring American Gardens - Timber Press, 2004
Fr. John L. Fiala, Freek Vrugtman - Lilacs: A Gardener's Encyclopedia - Timber Press, 2008
Robert E. Swanson, Frances R. Swanson - A Field Guide to the Trees and shrubs of the Southern Appalachians - The Johns Hopkins Press, 1994
Trees and shrubs
Shrub or small tree, 1-5 m height, stalk Rosietici, smooth or slightly ribbed or tubers, glauca, purple. Leaves with lamina narrow-lanceolata, lanceolata or narrow-oblong-elliptical, 8-21 x 3.8 cm, the attenuated cuneata, top acute or obtuse, petiole up to 5 mm long. Petals 2-3, 8.12 mm long, ovata.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.
Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.