Scientific Name– Syzygium aromaticum
Synonim– Eugenia caryophyllus, Eugenia aromatica
Common name(s)– cuisoare, clove tree, chiodo di garofano, Lavanga, gewùrznelke, cravo, clavo de olor, karanfil, dinh huong.
Distribution and Habitat– Native to the Moluccas, (islands of Eastern Indonesia, once known as the Spice Islands), cultivated in Indonesia, in Sri Lanka, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar.
Description– evergreen tree, 6-20 m high. Leaves coriaceous, elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or lanceolate, 7-12 cm long, 2.5-4.5 cm wide, acuminate, base cuneate and acute, entire. Flowers red, in cymose terminal, 1-1.5 cm long, calyx 4-lobed, the lobes erect, acute; 4 petals; stamens numerous, filaments white, ovary inferior, 2-locular. In India flowering in February-May, in Zanzibar in July-September and October-January. Fruits oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5-3 cm long, 1.3-1.5 cm across, persistent calyx, pericarp thin. Seeds solitary, pinkish-purple, oblong.
Tolerances– not survive temperatures below 10̊C, or above 37̊C.
Requirements– grow well in the rich, loamy soils and good drainage.
Propagation– mature seeds have high vigour and better percentage of germination. Seeds require a pretratament of soaking in water for three days.
Pest and Diseases– Pseudomonas solancearum, Valsa eugeniae, Colletotrichum sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Trichoderma sp., Planococcus sp..
Properties and Uses– clove bud oil is used in cosmetics and perfumery.
Eugenol, a constituent of clove, has been used for analgesic, local anesthetic, anti-inflamatory, and antibacterial effects.
James A. Duke - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook – Rodale Press, 2001
Phyllis Balch – Prescription for Herbal Healing – Avery Health Guides, 2003
Shiu-Ying Hu – Food Plants of China – Chinese University Press, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).
Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.