Scientific Name– Syzygium aromaticum
Synonim– Eugenia caryophyllus, Eugenia aromatica
Common name(s)– cuisoare, clove tree, chiodo di garofano, Lavanga, gewùrznelke, cravo, clavo de olor, karanfil, dinh huong.
Distribution and Habitat– Native to the Moluccas, (islands of Eastern Indonesia, once known as the Spice Islands), cultivated in Indonesia, in Sri Lanka, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar.
Description– evergreen tree, 6-20 m high. Leaves coriaceous, elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or lanceolate, 7-12 cm long, 2.5-4.5 cm wide, acuminate, base cuneate and acute, entire. Flowers red, in cymose terminal, 1-1.5 cm long, calyx 4-lobed, the lobes erect, acute; 4 petals; stamens numerous, filaments white, ovary inferior, 2-locular. In India flowering in February-May, in Zanzibar in July-September and October-January. Fruits oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5-3 cm long, 1.3-1.5 cm across, persistent calyx, pericarp thin. Seeds solitary, pinkish-purple, oblong.
Tolerances– not survive temperatures below 10̊C, or above 37̊C.
Requirements– grow well in the rich, loamy soils and good drainage.
Propagation– mature seeds have high vigour and better percentage of germination. Seeds require a pretratament of soaking in water for three days.
Pest and Diseases– Pseudomonas solancearum, Valsa eugeniae, Colletotrichum sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Trichoderma sp., Planococcus sp..
Properties and Uses– clove bud oil is used in cosmetics and perfumery.
Eugenol, a constituent of clove, has been used for analgesic, local anesthetic, anti-inflamatory, and antibacterial effects.
James A. Duke - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook – Rodale Press, 2001
Phyllis Balch – Prescription for Herbal Healing – Avery Health Guides, 2003
Shiu-Ying Hu – Food Plants of China – Chinese University Press, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Tree, 20-30 m tall stem, 30-100 cm diameter, cintorsionata right, conical crown, becoming round-payment. Bark gray to reddish-brown, deeply breazdata. Curved branches, stalk thin, red-brown, sometimes glauca.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan
Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.
Ginkgo biloba - maidenhair tree
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Morus nigra - mulberry tree
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Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.