Scientific Name– Syzygium aromaticum
Synonim– Eugenia caryophyllus, Eugenia aromatica
Common name(s)– cuisoare, clove tree, chiodo di garofano, Lavanga, gewùrznelke, cravo, clavo de olor, karanfil, dinh huong.
Distribution and Habitat– Native to the Moluccas, (islands of Eastern Indonesia, once known as the Spice Islands), cultivated in Indonesia, in Sri Lanka, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar.
Description– evergreen tree, 6-20 m high. Leaves coriaceous, elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or lanceolate, 7-12 cm long, 2.5-4.5 cm wide, acuminate, base cuneate and acute, entire. Flowers red, in cymose terminal, 1-1.5 cm long, calyx 4-lobed, the lobes erect, acute; 4 petals; stamens numerous, filaments white, ovary inferior, 2-locular. In India flowering in February-May, in Zanzibar in July-September and October-January. Fruits oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5-3 cm long, 1.3-1.5 cm across, persistent calyx, pericarp thin. Seeds solitary, pinkish-purple, oblong.
Tolerances– not survive temperatures below 10̊C, or above 37̊C.
Requirements– grow well in the rich, loamy soils and good drainage.
Propagation– mature seeds have high vigour and better percentage of germination. Seeds require a pretratament of soaking in water for three days.
Pest and Diseases– Pseudomonas solancearum, Valsa eugeniae, Colletotrichum sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Trichoderma sp., Planococcus sp..
Properties and Uses– clove bud oil is used in cosmetics and perfumery.
Eugenol, a constituent of clove, has been used for analgesic, local anesthetic, anti-inflamatory, and antibacterial effects.
James A. Duke - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook – Rodale Press, 2001
Phyllis Balch – Prescription for Herbal Healing – Avery Health Guides, 2003
Shiu-Ying Hu – Food Plants of China – Chinese University Press, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.