Scientific Name– Syzygium aromaticum
Synonim– Eugenia caryophyllus, Eugenia aromatica
Common name(s)– cuisoare, clove tree, chiodo di garofano, Lavanga, gewùrznelke, cravo, clavo de olor, karanfil, dinh huong.
Distribution and Habitat– Native to the Moluccas, (islands of Eastern Indonesia, once known as the Spice Islands), cultivated in Indonesia, in Sri Lanka, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar.
Description– evergreen tree, 6-20 m high. Leaves coriaceous, elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or lanceolate, 7-12 cm long, 2.5-4.5 cm wide, acuminate, base cuneate and acute, entire. Flowers red, in cymose terminal, 1-1.5 cm long, calyx 4-lobed, the lobes erect, acute; 4 petals; stamens numerous, filaments white, ovary inferior, 2-locular. In India flowering in February-May, in Zanzibar in July-September and October-January. Fruits oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5-3 cm long, 1.3-1.5 cm across, persistent calyx, pericarp thin. Seeds solitary, pinkish-purple, oblong.
Tolerances– not survive temperatures below 10̊C, or above 37̊C.
Requirements– grow well in the rich, loamy soils and good drainage.
Propagation– mature seeds have high vigour and better percentage of germination. Seeds require a pretratament of soaking in water for three days.
Pest and Diseases– Pseudomonas solancearum, Valsa eugeniae, Colletotrichum sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Trichoderma sp., Planococcus sp..
Properties and Uses– clove bud oil is used in cosmetics and perfumery.
Eugenol, a constituent of clove, has been used for analgesic, local anesthetic, anti-inflamatory, and antibacterial effects.
James A. Duke - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook – Rodale Press, 2001
Phyllis Balch – Prescription for Herbal Healing – Avery Health Guides, 2003
Shiu-Ying Hu – Food Plants of China – Chinese University Press, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Tree, 20-30 m tall stem, 30-100 cm diameter, cintorsionata right, conical crown, becoming round-payment. Bark gray to reddish-brown, deeply breazdata. Curved branches, stalk thin, red-brown, sometimes glauca.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Genus belongs to the Malvaceae, tribe Malvavisceae, which is characterized by a number of corporate sites is double that of carpelelor.
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.