29
Oct
2008
The new species of Chirita (Gesneriaceae) from Yunnan, China
New Species | Magnoliopsida
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Genus Chirita (Gesneriaceae) comprises 110 species distributed in southern China and Vietnam.

In 2004, one of the authors (HJ) found a species of Chirita while working or on the field of tropical forest in southern Yunnan province. For three years, has monitored the species and studies. Plants were grown and examined in greenhouses of the Botanical Garden in Beijing. Thus they found that the species is unknown is easily distinguished from other species of the genus.

Chirita maguanensis is a perennial species, presents the rhizome, 2-6 cm long and 2.5 cm in diameter.Leaves grouped on top of rhizome, coriacee, ribbed 2,5-8 cm long, elliptic, acute. Corola purple with dark purple stripes inside. The fruit is a capsule linear, pubescent, brown. Fusiforme seeds, dark brown.Blooms from July to August.

Prefers humid climate with average temperatures of 14.7 oC. The plant grows on limestone soils at altitudes of 1800 m. The soil pH should be between 6,2-6,5.

Source www3.interscience.wiley.com

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