07
Jan
2011
Theobroma cacao
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
7
0

Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.

Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.

Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.

Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.

Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.

Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.

Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,

Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.

Continne not cocoa powder tannins.

Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.

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