Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.
Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.
Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.
Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.
Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.
Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.
Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,
Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.
Continne not cocoa powder tannins.
Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Trees and shrubs
Hebe x franciscana
Hebe x franciscana - evergreen shrub, up to 1.5 m tall.
Hebe x franciscana is a hybrid of Hebe speciosa Hebe from New Zealand and Elliptic.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Evergreen shrub originating in Southern Ireland and Mediterranean regions, grows slowly, up to 3 to 10 m, reddish bark, young branches are red-hot, dense crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolata, 5-10 cm long, parties, except ribs smooth, glossy dark green, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers white to pale pink, sometimes stained with red, 5-10 mm long, campanulata, odorless, ready to panicule 5 cm long, anther clocks.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.