Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.
Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.
Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.
Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.
Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.
Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.
Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,
Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.
Continne not cocoa powder tannins.
Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Trees and shrubs
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.
Actinotus periculosus (Apiaceae), new perennial species in Australia
Silene bitlisensis O. Tugay & Ertugrul
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.