Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.
Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.
Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.
Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.
Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.
Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.
Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,
Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.
Continne not cocoa powder tannins.
Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Trees and shrubs
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them
Nicotiana tabacum - herbaceous annual, terofita. The product obtained is known cigarettes.
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.