07
Jan
2011
Theobroma cacao
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.

Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.

Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.

Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.

Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.

Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.

Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,

Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.

Continne not cocoa powder tannins.

Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Leycesteria formosa Wall.

Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.

 
Flourensia cernua - tarbush

Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.

 
Russelia equisetiformis

Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.

 
Pinus radiata

Tree, 20-30 m tall stem, 30-100 cm diameter, cintorsionata right, conical crown, becoming round-payment. Bark gray to reddish-brown, deeply breazdata. Curved branches, stalk thin, red-brown, sometimes glauca.

 
Callicarpa L.

Callicarpa L. comprises 170 species of trees and shrubs of temperate and tropical zones. The most commonly found in parks and gardens are Beautyberry American Beautyberry bodinieri, Beautyberry dichotoma, Japan and Beautyberry Beautyberry macrophylla.

 
Magnoliopsida
Syzygium aromaticum - clove

Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.

 
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez

Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.

 
Betula alba

Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.

 
Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.

 
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan

Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links