Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.
Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.
Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.
Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.
Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.
Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.
Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,
Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.
Continne not cocoa powder tannins.
Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Trees and shrubs
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.