07
Jan
2011
Theobroma cacao
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.

Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.

Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.

Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.

Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.

Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.

Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,

Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.

Continne not cocoa powder tannins.

Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Prunus armeniaca - apricot

Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.

The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.

 
Betula alba

Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.

 
Cyphomandra betacea

Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.

 
Asclepias fruticosa

Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.

 
Citrus - citrus

Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.

 
Magnoliopsida
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.

 
Eryngium campestre - rostogol

Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.

 
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear

Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks

 
Phuopsis stylosa

Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.

 
Angophora hispida Blaxell

Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links