Theobroma cacao
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Theobroma cacao L.

Synonyms - Theobroma Cacao Tuss.

Popular names - cocoa, koko, chocolate tree, Kakaobaum.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of tropical forests, wetlands, Brazil, Mexico and the U.S., up to 100-300 m altitude.

Description - Semi-deciduu tree, 5-10 m tall. Leaves petiolate, simple, 2 stipele, deciduous; lamina elliptic-oblong, 10-45 cm long, top acuminata, base obtuse or round. Flowers yellowish white, stem 1-4 cm long, sepals 5, triangular, white, petals 5, united at the base, yellowish white, five stamens, fertile ovary superior. Fruit ovoid, with 10 ribs.

Requirements - well-drained soil rich in organic substances.

Management - mulching seedlings need to keep ahead of the dry season soil moisture.

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds lose their viability5-7 days after the extraction of fruit, germinate in 7-10 days. It can inmultii by marcotaj, cuttings and grafting.

Diseases and pests - Armillaria Mellor, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Phytophthora palmivora,

Properties and Uses - Cocoa Cocoa is known both used in confectionery and cocoa butter.

Continne not cocoa powder tannins.

Curiosity - the genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.

See also
Trees and shrubs
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden

Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.

Punica granatum - pomegranate

Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.

Leycesteria formosa Wall.

Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.

Morinda citrifolia

Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.

Calophyllum inophyllum

Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.

Prunus laurocerasus L.

Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.

Silene acaulis

Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.

Hedeoma pulegioides

Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.

Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819

Genus Rhipsalis includes 35 species of cacti, originating from dry areas of Canada to Patagonia and naturalized in the tropics and subtropice. Pendente growth, numerous bends. Stem cylindrical, with ribbed or payment. The flowers are small. Fruit small, spherical, fleshy.

Convolvulus althaeoides

Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.

   Add to iGoogle
Last posts