Scientific name - Thevetia peruviana
Synonyms - Cascabela thevetia, Thevetia neriifolia
Popular names - yellow oleander, yellow leandru, nohomalie.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from tropical America, grows on dry soil and sunny position.
Description - evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long. Flowers pentamere, hermaphrodite, actinomorfe, pedicel, arranged in terminal bunches, calyx 5 SEPA, green, persistent; Corola gamopetala, campanulata, lobes rounded, 4-7 x 3-4 cm, yellow stamens 5, short filament; gineceu sincarp, ovary superior, bilocular. Fruit drupe, black, triangular, 2.5-4 cm in diameter.
Propagation - by seeds or seedlings. Semintele germinate difficult.
Properties and Uses - all parts of the plant are toxic. The seeds are extremely toxic and can harm human life.
It can be cultivated as ornamental plants.
Trees and shrubs
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.
Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.