Scientific Name - Tilia platyphyllos Purpose.
Popular Names - Large-leaved Linden, tei cu frunza mare, tiglio nostrano, carbo tiliae.
Distribution and habitat - thermophilic species, grows only in the plains and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Description - tree, 30-40 m high and 1 m trunk diameter, with the right strain, high crown, wide, rounded, rare, with thick branches. Lujerii young are olive-green, to reddish brown, with buds ovoid, acute. Subrotunde to ovate leaves are asymmetric, 6-12 cm long, the deep heart, the top acuminata, acute and short-toothed on the edges, the green back to white or gray, hairy all over, especially in the armpit ribs. Leaf lamina is prominent tertiary veins parallel. Large flowers, the color yellow, 3-6 in each inflorescence pendent attached, it shall be openedJune 1, strongly scented. Achenes fruit is globose, pyriform or oval, approx. 1 cm diameter, with 4-5 prominent ribs, rarely smooth, wooden walls. 2n = 82
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia - leaves pubescent, pubescent young lujerii.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. plathyphyllos - pubescent leaves the main nerve armpit to armpit but can be secondary ribs; lujerii glabrata or pubescent youth.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. pseudorubra - glabra leaves slightly pubescent on the underside or the armpit nerves; lujerii young glabrata.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - semiumbra support.
Requirements - vegetate well-reddish brown forest soil, well structured, friable.
Management - need annual trimming and drajonilor branches that form the base of the plant.
Propagation - by seed ordrajoni. To facilitate the germination of seeds, they stratify 4-5 months at temperatures of 25-27 ° C and then at 2 ° C.
Diseases and pests - Eucallipterus tiliae, Eulecanium tiliae, Phyllobius oblongus.
Garden Partners -
Cultivars - 'laciniata "- leaves an irregular, deep sectarian;
- "Box" - lujerii have red-orange bark.
Properties and Uses - forms a significant amount of timber, but is rarely encountered in the forest. Wood is used in industry or matches, plywood and furniture easier. Due to its large size, is utilized as decorative trees in parks, as shaft alignment on streets and alleys, with beautiful flowers, bees, less appreciated, however, that medicinal uses, lime than in other species.
Curiosity & ndash;
Differences between Tilia and Tilia cordata platyphyllos:
Tilia platyphyllos has pubescent stems - stems Tilia cordata has glabra, smooth.
Tilia platyphyllos has leaves up to 15 cm long - Tilia cordata leaf max is 8 inches long;
Tilia platyphyllos on the underside of the leaf shows the armpit hairs whitish veins - Tilia cordata tufted hair armpits rusty ribs only;
Tilia platyphyllos fruit about 1 cm in diameter with 5 pronounced ribs - Tilia cordata fruit is up to 8 mm in diameter, with no obvious rib;
Trees and shrubs
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Silene bitlisensis O. Tugay & Ertugrul
Rosa 'American Pillar'
Rambler, 4-6 x 3 m. The simple flowers grouped in bouquets of flowers or solitary, 5-20, 5-6 cm diameter, red-fuchsia, deep red with a white spot in center, yellow anthers are visible. Leaves dark green, shiny, becoming purple before falling. Bloom once a year in June-July.