Scientific Name - Tilia platyphyllos Purpose.
Popular Names - Large-leaved Linden, tei cu frunza mare, tiglio nostrano, carbo tiliae.
Distribution and habitat - thermophilic species, grows only in the plains and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Description - tree, 30-40 m high and 1 m trunk diameter, with the right strain, high crown, wide, rounded, rare, with thick branches. Lujerii young are olive-green, to reddish brown, with buds ovoid, acute. Subrotunde to ovate leaves are asymmetric, 6-12 cm long, the deep heart, the top acuminata, acute and short-toothed on the edges, the green back to white or gray, hairy all over, especially in the armpit ribs. Leaf lamina is prominent tertiary veins parallel. Large flowers, the color yellow, 3-6 in each inflorescence pendent attached, it shall be openedJune 1, strongly scented. Achenes fruit is globose, pyriform or oval, approx. 1 cm diameter, with 4-5 prominent ribs, rarely smooth, wooden walls. 2n = 82
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia - leaves pubescent, pubescent young lujerii.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. plathyphyllos - pubescent leaves the main nerve armpit to armpit but can be secondary ribs; lujerii glabrata or pubescent youth.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. pseudorubra - glabra leaves slightly pubescent on the underside or the armpit nerves; lujerii young glabrata.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - semiumbra support.
Requirements - vegetate well-reddish brown forest soil, well structured, friable.
Management - need annual trimming and drajonilor branches that form the base of the plant.
Propagation - by seed ordrajoni. To facilitate the germination of seeds, they stratify 4-5 months at temperatures of 25-27 ° C and then at 2 ° C.
Diseases and pests - Eucallipterus tiliae, Eulecanium tiliae, Phyllobius oblongus.
Garden Partners -
Cultivars - 'laciniata "- leaves an irregular, deep sectarian;
- "Box" - lujerii have red-orange bark.
Properties and Uses - forms a significant amount of timber, but is rarely encountered in the forest. Wood is used in industry or matches, plywood and furniture easier. Due to its large size, is utilized as decorative trees in parks, as shaft alignment on streets and alleys, with beautiful flowers, bees, less appreciated, however, that medicinal uses, lime than in other species.
Curiosity & ndash;
Differences between Tilia and Tilia cordata platyphyllos:
Tilia platyphyllos has pubescent stems - stems Tilia cordata has glabra, smooth.
Tilia platyphyllos has leaves up to 15 cm long - Tilia cordata leaf max is 8 inches long;
Tilia platyphyllos on the underside of the leaf shows the armpit hairs whitish veins - Tilia cordata tufted hair armpits rusty ribs only;
Tilia platyphyllos fruit about 1 cm in diameter with 5 pronounced ribs - Tilia cordata fruit is up to 8 mm in diameter, with no obvious rib;
Trees and shrubs
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.