Scientific Name - Tilia platyphyllos Purpose.
Popular Names - Large-leaved Linden, tei cu frunza mare, tiglio nostrano, carbo tiliae.
Distribution and habitat - thermophilic species, grows only in the plains and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Description - tree, 30-40 m high and 1 m trunk diameter, with the right strain, high crown, wide, rounded, rare, with thick branches. Lujerii young are olive-green, to reddish brown, with buds ovoid, acute. Subrotunde to ovate leaves are asymmetric, 6-12 cm long, the deep heart, the top acuminata, acute and short-toothed on the edges, the green back to white or gray, hairy all over, especially in the armpit ribs. Leaf lamina is prominent tertiary veins parallel. Large flowers, the color yellow, 3-6 in each inflorescence pendent attached, it shall be openedJune 1, strongly scented. Achenes fruit is globose, pyriform or oval, approx. 1 cm diameter, with 4-5 prominent ribs, rarely smooth, wooden walls. 2n = 82
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia - leaves pubescent, pubescent young lujerii.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. plathyphyllos - pubescent leaves the main nerve armpit to armpit but can be secondary ribs; lujerii glabrata or pubescent youth.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. pseudorubra - glabra leaves slightly pubescent on the underside or the armpit nerves; lujerii young glabrata.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - semiumbra support.
Requirements - vegetate well-reddish brown forest soil, well structured, friable.
Management - need annual trimming and drajonilor branches that form the base of the plant.
Propagation - by seed ordrajoni. To facilitate the germination of seeds, they stratify 4-5 months at temperatures of 25-27 ° C and then at 2 ° C.
Diseases and pests - Eucallipterus tiliae, Eulecanium tiliae, Phyllobius oblongus.
Garden Partners -
Cultivars - 'laciniata "- leaves an irregular, deep sectarian;
- "Box" - lujerii have red-orange bark.
Properties and Uses - forms a significant amount of timber, but is rarely encountered in the forest. Wood is used in industry or matches, plywood and furniture easier. Due to its large size, is utilized as decorative trees in parks, as shaft alignment on streets and alleys, with beautiful flowers, bees, less appreciated, however, that medicinal uses, lime than in other species.
Curiosity & ndash;
Differences between Tilia and Tilia cordata platyphyllos:
Tilia platyphyllos has pubescent stems - stems Tilia cordata has glabra, smooth.
Tilia platyphyllos has leaves up to 15 cm long - Tilia cordata leaf max is 8 inches long;
Tilia platyphyllos on the underside of the leaf shows the armpit hairs whitish veins - Tilia cordata tufted hair armpits rusty ribs only;
Tilia platyphyllos fruit about 1 cm in diameter with 5 pronounced ribs - Tilia cordata fruit is up to 8 mm in diameter, with no obvious rib;
Trees and shrubs
Deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown.
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Salpichroa organifolia - perennial, rhizomatic and subfrutescenta. Hailing from South America, naturalized and naturalized French Atlantic coast, around the Mediterranean, Corsica and Spain wet substrates increases from 0 to 600 m altitude.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.