Scientific Name - Tilia platyphyllos Purpose.
Popular Names - Large-leaved Linden, tei cu frunza mare, tiglio nostrano, carbo tiliae.
Distribution and habitat - thermophilic species, grows only in the plains and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Description - tree, 30-40 m high and 1 m trunk diameter, with the right strain, high crown, wide, rounded, rare, with thick branches. Lujerii young are olive-green, to reddish brown, with buds ovoid, acute. Subrotunde to ovate leaves are asymmetric, 6-12 cm long, the deep heart, the top acuminata, acute and short-toothed on the edges, the green back to white or gray, hairy all over, especially in the armpit ribs. Leaf lamina is prominent tertiary veins parallel. Large flowers, the color yellow, 3-6 in each inflorescence pendent attached, it shall be openedJune 1, strongly scented. Achenes fruit is globose, pyriform or oval, approx. 1 cm diameter, with 4-5 prominent ribs, rarely smooth, wooden walls. 2n = 82
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia - leaves pubescent, pubescent young lujerii.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. plathyphyllos - pubescent leaves the main nerve armpit to armpit but can be secondary ribs; lujerii glabrata or pubescent youth.
Tilia platyphyllos subsp. pseudorubra - glabra leaves slightly pubescent on the underside or the armpit nerves; lujerii young glabrata.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - semiumbra support.
Requirements - vegetate well-reddish brown forest soil, well structured, friable.
Management - need annual trimming and drajonilor branches that form the base of the plant.
Propagation - by seed ordrajoni. To facilitate the germination of seeds, they stratify 4-5 months at temperatures of 25-27 ° C and then at 2 ° C.
Diseases and pests - Eucallipterus tiliae, Eulecanium tiliae, Phyllobius oblongus.
Garden Partners -
Cultivars - 'laciniata "- leaves an irregular, deep sectarian;
- "Box" - lujerii have red-orange bark.
Properties and Uses - forms a significant amount of timber, but is rarely encountered in the forest. Wood is used in industry or matches, plywood and furniture easier. Due to its large size, is utilized as decorative trees in parks, as shaft alignment on streets and alleys, with beautiful flowers, bees, less appreciated, however, that medicinal uses, lime than in other species.
Curiosity & ndash;
Differences between Tilia and Tilia cordata platyphyllos:
Tilia platyphyllos has pubescent stems - stems Tilia cordata has glabra, smooth.
Tilia platyphyllos has leaves up to 15 cm long - Tilia cordata leaf max is 8 inches long;
Tilia platyphyllos on the underside of the leaf shows the armpit hairs whitish veins - Tilia cordata tufted hair armpits rusty ribs only;
Tilia platyphyllos fruit about 1 cm in diameter with 5 pronounced ribs - Tilia cordata fruit is up to 8 mm in diameter, with no obvious rib;
Trees and shrubs
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Wisteria sinensis - Chinese wisteria
Wisteria sinensis - is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.
Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.