Scientific name - Tilia tomentosa
Popular names - silver lime, silver linden.
Distribution and Habitat - South - East.
Description - tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows. Leaves 7-13 cm long, subrotund cordiforme suddenly acuminata, based cordiform to obliquely truncated, parties gear, face dark green, slightly shiny, tomentoase, white or gray inside tomentoase, lamina without tufts of hairs on veins axilele ; disposal alternative. Petiole not more than half the length of molding. Flowers large, yellow-goldHow many 5-10, trapped in the inflorescences Pendente, Cime, stellate tomentoase, shorter than leaves. In the flowers is one bracts, sessile or short pedunculata. Blooms in the months from June to July. Fruit achenes, ellipsoidal-global, low-cost or smooth, gray tomentos or glabru, 7-10 x 5-6,5 mm. Seeds oval, 5-6 x 4-5 mm. 2n = 82. Lastareste and drajoneaza strong.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - drought and air pollution.
Requirements - grows in sunny or exhibits a slight shading. Prefers rich soil, constantly reavene, loose. In periods of drought loses its leaves to reduce sweating.
Management - skims needs to develop a strong structure.
Propagation - fruits reach maturity in September-October. Seeds are spread naturally by wind and animals. The seeds remain viable for many yearsif kept in a dry and low temperature (0-2 ˚ C). To stratify the seeds in moist sand at 2-4 ˚ C for 5-6 weeks.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Green Mountain' grows quickly and tolerates drought.
Properties and Uses - of the forest species, forming mixed stands (sleauri). The wood is white, light, soft, used in carpentry, turning, furniture industry, the manufacture of pencils. Free (beams ruling of strain, the substances produced) is foloseste, after processing, the woven or bound, replacing refined. Coal result of burning wood has medicinal properties and are used in gunpowder. Bees and flowers are fragrant, with a large percentage Beekeeping.
Tilia tomentosa is considered as ornamental trees in parks, for its silvery leaves on their backs and frequently cultivated on the streets and alleys, being resistant to heat radiated by the pavement.
Flowers with bracts are rich in flavonoids, coumarins, essential oil and vitamin C. The sedative action in the brain.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - German culture was and is considered a sacred tree.
AFG Dixon - Aphid Ecology - Springer, 1997
Elizabeth McClintock - The Trees of Golden Gate Park and San Francisco - Heyday Books, 2001
Ferrell M. Bridwell - Landscape Plants - Delmar Learning, 1994
Michael R. Bloomberg, Dr. Leslie Day Ed, Mr. Mark A. Klingler - The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007
S. Mohan Jain, Pramod K. Gupta, Ronald J. Newton - Somatic Embryogenesis in Woody Plants - Springer, 1999
Trees and shrubs
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Shrub or small tree, 1-5 m height, stalk Rosietici, smooth or slightly ribbed or tubers, glauca, purple. Leaves with lamina narrow-lanceolata, lanceolata or narrow-oblong-elliptical, 8-21 x 3.8 cm, the attenuated cuneata, top acute or obtuse, petiole up to 5 mm long. Petals 2-3, 8.12 mm long, ovata.
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.