27
Mar
2009
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Tilia tomentosa

Popular names - silver lime, silver linden.

Distribution and Habitat - South - East.

Description - tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows. Leaves 7-13 cm long, subrotund cordiforme suddenly acuminata, based cordiform to obliquely truncated, parties gear, face dark green, slightly shiny, tomentoase, white or gray inside tomentoase, lamina without tufts of hairs on veins axilele ; disposal alternative. Petiole not more than half the length of molding. Flowers large, yellow-goldHow many 5-10, trapped in the inflorescences Pendente, Cime, stellate tomentoase, shorter than leaves. In the flowers is one bracts, sessile or short pedunculata. Blooms in the months from June to July. Fruit achenes, ellipsoidal-global, low-cost or smooth, gray tomentos or glabru, 7-10 x 5-6,5 mm. Seeds oval, 5-6 x 4-5 mm. 2n = 82. Lastareste and drajoneaza strong.

Growth rate - slowly.

Tolerances - drought and air pollution.

Requirements - grows in sunny or exhibits a slight shading. Prefers rich soil, constantly reavene, loose. In periods of drought loses its leaves to reduce sweating.

Management - skims needs to develop a strong structure.

Propagation - fruits reach maturity in September-October. Seeds are spread naturally by wind and animals. The seeds remain viable for many yearsif kept in a dry and low temperature (0-2 ˚ C). To stratify the seeds in moist sand at 2-4 ˚ C for 5-6 weeks.

Natural partners and Garden - Carpinus betulus, Castanea sativa, Lagerstroemia indica, Liriodendron tulipifera, Sorbus torminalis.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Green Mountain' grows quickly and tolerates drought.

Properties and Uses - of the forest species, forming mixed stands (sleauri). The wood is white, light, soft, used in carpentry, turning, furniture industry, the manufacture of pencils. Free (beams ruling of strain, the substances produced) is foloseste, after processing, the woven or bound, replacing refined. Coal result of burning wood has medicinal properties and are used in gunpowder. Bees and flowers are fragrant, with a large percentage Beekeeping.

Tilia tomentosa is considered as ornamental trees in parks, for its silvery leaves on their backs and frequently cultivated on the streets and alleys, being resistant to heat radiated by the pavement.

Flowers with bracts are rich in flavonoids, coumarins, essential oil and vitamin C. The sedative action in the brain.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - German culture was and is considered a sacred tree.

References

AFG Dixon - Aphid Ecology - Springer, 1997

Elizabeth McClintock - The Trees of Golden Gate Park and San Francisco - Heyday Books, 2001

Ferrell M. Bridwell - Landscape Plants - Delmar Learning, 1994

Michael R. Bloomberg, Dr. Leslie Day Ed, Mr. Mark A. Klingler - The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007

S. Mohan Jain, Pramod K. Gupta, Ronald J. Newton - Somatic Embryogenesis in Woody Plants - Springer, 1999

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