Scientific name - Tilia tomentosa
Popular names - silver lime, silver linden.
Distribution and Habitat - South - East.
Description - tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows. Leaves 7-13 cm long, subrotund cordiforme suddenly acuminata, based cordiform to obliquely truncated, parties gear, face dark green, slightly shiny, tomentoase, white or gray inside tomentoase, lamina without tufts of hairs on veins axilele ; disposal alternative. Petiole not more than half the length of molding. Flowers large, yellow-goldHow many 5-10, trapped in the inflorescences Pendente, Cime, stellate tomentoase, shorter than leaves. In the flowers is one bracts, sessile or short pedunculata. Blooms in the months from June to July. Fruit achenes, ellipsoidal-global, low-cost or smooth, gray tomentos or glabru, 7-10 x 5-6,5 mm. Seeds oval, 5-6 x 4-5 mm. 2n = 82. Lastareste and drajoneaza strong.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - drought and air pollution.
Requirements - grows in sunny or exhibits a slight shading. Prefers rich soil, constantly reavene, loose. In periods of drought loses its leaves to reduce sweating.
Management - skims needs to develop a strong structure.
Propagation - fruits reach maturity in September-October. Seeds are spread naturally by wind and animals. The seeds remain viable for many yearsif kept in a dry and low temperature (0-2 ˚ C). To stratify the seeds in moist sand at 2-4 ˚ C for 5-6 weeks.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Green Mountain' grows quickly and tolerates drought.
Properties and Uses - of the forest species, forming mixed stands (sleauri). The wood is white, light, soft, used in carpentry, turning, furniture industry, the manufacture of pencils. Free (beams ruling of strain, the substances produced) is foloseste, after processing, the woven or bound, replacing refined. Coal result of burning wood has medicinal properties and are used in gunpowder. Bees and flowers are fragrant, with a large percentage Beekeeping.
Tilia tomentosa is considered as ornamental trees in parks, for its silvery leaves on their backs and frequently cultivated on the streets and alleys, being resistant to heat radiated by the pavement.
Flowers with bracts are rich in flavonoids, coumarins, essential oil and vitamin C. The sedative action in the brain.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - German culture was and is considered a sacred tree.
AFG Dixon - Aphid Ecology - Springer, 1997
Elizabeth McClintock - The Trees of Golden Gate Park and San Francisco - Heyday Books, 2001
Ferrell M. Bridwell - Landscape Plants - Delmar Learning, 1994
Michael R. Bloomberg, Dr. Leslie Day Ed, Mr. Mark A. Klingler - The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007
S. Mohan Jain, Pramod K. Gupta, Ronald J. Newton - Somatic Embryogenesis in Woody Plants - Springer, 1999
Trees and shrubs
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Carpinus betulus - hard wood shaft with durable but less humid conditions. Suprta trimming and better suited for bonsai training.
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.