Scientific name - Tilia tomentosa
Popular names - silver lime, silver linden.
Distribution and Habitat - South - East.
Description - tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows. Leaves 7-13 cm long, subrotund cordiforme suddenly acuminata, based cordiform to obliquely truncated, parties gear, face dark green, slightly shiny, tomentoase, white or gray inside tomentoase, lamina without tufts of hairs on veins axilele ; disposal alternative. Petiole not more than half the length of molding. Flowers large, yellow-goldHow many 5-10, trapped in the inflorescences Pendente, Cime, stellate tomentoase, shorter than leaves. In the flowers is one bracts, sessile or short pedunculata. Blooms in the months from June to July. Fruit achenes, ellipsoidal-global, low-cost or smooth, gray tomentos or glabru, 7-10 x 5-6,5 mm. Seeds oval, 5-6 x 4-5 mm. 2n = 82. Lastareste and drajoneaza strong.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - drought and air pollution.
Requirements - grows in sunny or exhibits a slight shading. Prefers rich soil, constantly reavene, loose. In periods of drought loses its leaves to reduce sweating.
Management - skims needs to develop a strong structure.
Propagation - fruits reach maturity in September-October. Seeds are spread naturally by wind and animals. The seeds remain viable for many yearsif kept in a dry and low temperature (0-2 ˚ C). To stratify the seeds in moist sand at 2-4 ˚ C for 5-6 weeks.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Green Mountain' grows quickly and tolerates drought.
Properties and Uses - of the forest species, forming mixed stands (sleauri). The wood is white, light, soft, used in carpentry, turning, furniture industry, the manufacture of pencils. Free (beams ruling of strain, the substances produced) is foloseste, after processing, the woven or bound, replacing refined. Coal result of burning wood has medicinal properties and are used in gunpowder. Bees and flowers are fragrant, with a large percentage Beekeeping.
Tilia tomentosa is considered as ornamental trees in parks, for its silvery leaves on their backs and frequently cultivated on the streets and alleys, being resistant to heat radiated by the pavement.
Flowers with bracts are rich in flavonoids, coumarins, essential oil and vitamin C. The sedative action in the brain.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - German culture was and is considered a sacred tree.
AFG Dixon - Aphid Ecology - Springer, 1997
Elizabeth McClintock - The Trees of Golden Gate Park and San Francisco - Heyday Books, 2001
Ferrell M. Bridwell - Landscape Plants - Delmar Learning, 1994
Michael R. Bloomberg, Dr. Leslie Day Ed, Mr. Mark A. Klingler - The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007
S. Mohan Jain, Pramod K. Gupta, Ronald J. Newton - Somatic Embryogenesis in Woody Plants - Springer, 1999
Trees and shrubs
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Delosperma cooperi originated southern Africa. Prostrata or erect stem, grows up to 13 cm high and 60 inches wide. Leaves opposite, succulent, cylindrical or 3 angles, without stipule. Flowers solitary or Cime, terminal or axillary, 8 cm diameter, open purple, calyx with 5 lobes unequal, inferior ovary with 5 rooms.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.