Scientific name - Tribulus terrestris L.
Popular names - the old woman's teeth, Scale horse abrojos, Bullhead, bur nut, Mexican sandbur, Gokhru, Gokshura.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from India, China, Vietnam, Europe and South Africa.
Description - herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September. Fruit capsule, 4-8 mm long, with 2 divergent spine 3.8 mm long and 2 short spine 1-4 mm long. Seeds 2-4.
Properties and Uses - mature and dried fruit were placed in the pharmacopoeia of medicinal plants in India, in 2002, as a diuretic.
Frunzele have astringent properties, diuretic, aphrodisiac, tonic and depurative.
The fruits are astringent properties, anti-inflammatory, tonic, diuretic and aphrodisiac.
The seeds are astringent and diuretic properties and sometimes help fertilization.
MS Premila - Ayurvedic Herbs - Haworth Press, 2006
Nambiar, VPK & Ramamnkutty - Indian Medicinal Plants - 1996
Zoe Merriman Kirkpatrick - Wildflowers of the Western Plains - University of Texas Press, 1992
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.
Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Nemophila maculata - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey