Scientific name - Tropaeolum majus L.
The first species of Tropaeolum majus was introduced in Europe in 1576, in Spain, by Nickolas Monardes and later was introduced to the Netherlands in Peru in 1684 by plant collector Hieronymus van Beverningk.
Popular names - Nasturtium, Indian cress, Chin Hua lien, Capucine, the Capuchin, indianerkresse, isano, nasturzio common Kapuzinerkresse, kinrenka, kapisine, Chagas, kapuzin, Capuchin, texao.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads.
Description - herbaceous annual with branches to 50 cm long, Succulent. Leaf lamina circular to jelly with reniforma, 4-15 cm diameter, sinuous margins, lamina glabra, about 9 nervatiuni radial from stalks, stalks 5-30 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary, pedunculate 15-25 cm long. Sepa 1-2 cm long, 2,5-3,5 cm long spur, straight or curved. Corola 2,5-7 cm diameter, red, yellow or orange. Blooms from May to November. Fruit indehiscent, 1 cm long.
Tolerances - plants tolerate a light frost and poor soils.
Requirements - sandy soil, well drained, sunny or semi-shade exhibition. The wet once a week.
Management - to protect plants against late frosts. Apply the fertilizer phosphorus and potassium. Young plants are easy transplanteaza, mature plants do not bear transplanting.
Propagation - by seeds. It resembles in March-May, in rich soil and sunny, germinate in5-7 days.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alaska', 'Red Jewel', 'Moonlight', 'Ken Aslett'.
Properties and Uses - Tropaeolum majus can be cultivated in apple (Malus domestica), with good results against afidelor, planted near cabbage, broccoli, tomatoes, potatoes, or beans afidele away.
The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Antiseptic. Estern, fruit crushaway from Tropaeolum majus hot poultices may be applied in the infalatii and furunculi.
Infusion of 30 g Tropaeolum majus in 1 l water, a helmet, 2-3 times daily.
It is contraindicated children with gastro-intestinal ulcers and kidney problems.
It can be used as a garden ornamental species or pot.
Myth, legend and folklore - Europe using Tropaeolum majus of approximately 500 years, Spaniards were the ones who imported it from South America.
Beth Hanson - Gourmet Herbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001
Gwen J. Harden - Flora of New South Wales - University of Washington Press, 1993
Insect and Plants - CRC, 1992
Karin Kraft, Christopher Hobbs - Pocket Guide to Herbal Medicine - Georg Thieme Verlag, 2004
Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005
Robert A.. J. Hart - Forest Gardening - Chelsea Green, 1996
Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Genus Felicia was named the Cassini AHG in 1818 by Felix, a German official at Regensburg who died in 1846.
Felicia amelloides first cinerary amelloides was named by Linnaeus in 1763 and in 1894 named Felicia amelloides.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.
Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.