Scientific name - Tropaeolum majus L.
The first species of Tropaeolum majus was introduced in Europe in 1576, in Spain, by Nickolas Monardes and later was introduced to the Netherlands in Peru in 1684 by plant collector Hieronymus van Beverningk.
Popular names - Nasturtium, Indian cress, Chin Hua lien, Capucine, the Capuchin, indianerkresse, isano, nasturzio common Kapuzinerkresse, kinrenka, kapisine, Chagas, kapuzin, Capuchin, texao.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads.
Description - herbaceous annual with branches to 50 cm long, Succulent. Leaf lamina circular to jelly with reniforma, 4-15 cm diameter, sinuous margins, lamina glabra, about 9 nervatiuni radial from stalks, stalks 5-30 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary, pedunculate 15-25 cm long. Sepa 1-2 cm long, 2,5-3,5 cm long spur, straight or curved. Corola 2,5-7 cm diameter, red, yellow or orange. Blooms from May to November. Fruit indehiscent, 1 cm long.
Tolerances - plants tolerate a light frost and poor soils.
Requirements - sandy soil, well drained, sunny or semi-shade exhibition. The wet once a week.
Management - to protect plants against late frosts. Apply the fertilizer phosphorus and potassium. Young plants are easy transplanteaza, mature plants do not bear transplanting.
Propagation - by seeds. It resembles in March-May, in rich soil and sunny, germinate in5-7 days.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alaska', 'Red Jewel', 'Moonlight', 'Ken Aslett'.
Properties and Uses - Tropaeolum majus can be cultivated in apple (Malus domestica), with good results against afidelor, planted near cabbage, broccoli, tomatoes, potatoes, or beans afidele away.
The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Antiseptic. Estern, fruit crushaway from Tropaeolum majus hot poultices may be applied in the infalatii and furunculi.
Infusion of 30 g Tropaeolum majus in 1 l water, a helmet, 2-3 times daily.
It is contraindicated children with gastro-intestinal ulcers and kidney problems.
It can be used as a garden ornamental species or pot.
Myth, legend and folklore - Europe using Tropaeolum majus of approximately 500 years, Spaniards were the ones who imported it from South America.
Beth Hanson - Gourmet Herbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001
Gwen J. Harden - Flora of New South Wales - University of Washington Press, 1993
Insect and Plants - CRC, 1992
Karin Kraft, Christopher Hobbs - Pocket Guide to Herbal Medicine - Georg Thieme Verlag, 2004
Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005
Robert A.. J. Hart - Forest Gardening - Chelsea Green, 1996
Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.