12
Mar
2009
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
4
0

Scientific name - Tropaeolum majus L.

The first species of Tropaeolum majus was introduced in Europe in 1576, in Spain, by Nickolas Monardes and later was introduced to the Netherlands in Peru in 1684 by plant collector Hieronymus van Beverningk.

Synonyms -

Popular names - Nasturtium, Indian cress, Chin Hua lien, Capucine, the Capuchin, indianerkresse, isano, nasturzio common Kapuzinerkresse, kinrenka, kapisine, Chagas, kapuzin, Capuchin, texao.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads.

Description - herbaceous annual with branches to 50 cm long, Succulent. Leaf lamina circular to jelly with reniforma, 4-15 cm diameter, sinuous margins, lamina glabra, about 9 nervatiuni radial from stalks, stalks 5-30 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary, pedunculate 15-25 cm long. Sepa 1-2 cm long, 2,5-3,5 cm long spur, straight or curved. Corola 2,5-7 cm diameter, red, yellow or orange. Blooms from May to November. Fruit indehiscent, 1 cm long.

Tolerances - plants tolerate a light frost and poor soils.

Requirements - sandy soil, well drained, sunny or semi-shade exhibition. The wet once a week.

Management - to protect plants against late frosts. Apply the fertilizer phosphorus and potassium. Young plants are easy transplanteaza, mature plants do not bear transplanting.

Propagation - by seeds. It resembles in March-May, in rich soil and sunny, germinate in5-7 days.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Alaska', 'Red Jewel', 'Moonlight', 'Ken Aslett'.

Partners garden - Aster nova-angliae, Helianthus salicifolius, Lunaria annua.

Properties and Uses - Tropaeolum majus can be cultivated in apple (Malus domestica), with good results against afidelor, planted near cabbage, broccoli, tomatoes, potatoes, or beans afidele away.

The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.

Antiseptic. Estern, fruit crushaway from Tropaeolum majus hot poultices may be applied in the infalatii and furunculi.

Infusion of 30 g Tropaeolum majus in 1 l water, a helmet, 2-3 times daily.

It is contraindicated children with gastro-intestinal ulcers and kidney problems.

It can be used as a garden ornamental species or pot.

Myth, legend and folklore - Europe using Tropaeolum majus of approximately 500 years, Spaniards were the ones who imported it from South America.

References

Beth Hanson - Gourmet Herbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001

Gwen J. Harden - Flora of New South Wales - University of Washington Press, 1993

Insect and Plants - CRC, 1992

 

Karin Kraft, Christopher Hobbs - Pocket Guide to Herbal Medicine - Georg Thieme Verlag, 2004

Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005

Robert A.. J. Hart - Forest Gardening - Chelsea Green, 1996

Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Impatiens parviflora

Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.

 
Gentiana Crusader

Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.

 
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.

 
Galanthus nivalis L.

Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots

 
Epimedium alpinum

Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente

 
Magnoliopsida
Digitalis grandiflora

Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.

 
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot

Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.

 
Delphinium ajacis

Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.

 
Aquilegia atrata Koch

Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca

 
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding

Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links