12
Mar
2009
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Tropaeolum majus L.

The first species of Tropaeolum majus was introduced in Europe in 1576, in Spain, by Nickolas Monardes and later was introduced to the Netherlands in Peru in 1684 by plant collector Hieronymus van Beverningk.

Synonyms -

Popular names - Nasturtium, Indian cress, Chin Hua lien, Capucine, the Capuchin, indianerkresse, isano, nasturzio common Kapuzinerkresse, kinrenka, kapisine, Chagas, kapuzin, Capuchin, texao.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads.

Description - herbaceous annual with branches to 50 cm long, Succulent. Leaf lamina circular to jelly with reniforma, 4-15 cm diameter, sinuous margins, lamina glabra, about 9 nervatiuni radial from stalks, stalks 5-30 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary, pedunculate 15-25 cm long. Sepa 1-2 cm long, 2,5-3,5 cm long spur, straight or curved. Corola 2,5-7 cm diameter, red, yellow or orange. Blooms from May to November. Fruit indehiscent, 1 cm long.

Tolerances - plants tolerate a light frost and poor soils.

Requirements - sandy soil, well drained, sunny or semi-shade exhibition. The wet once a week.

Management - to protect plants against late frosts. Apply the fertilizer phosphorus and potassium. Young plants are easy transplanteaza, mature plants do not bear transplanting.

Propagation - by seeds. It resembles in March-May, in rich soil and sunny, germinate in5-7 days.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Alaska', 'Red Jewel', 'Moonlight', 'Ken Aslett'.

Partners garden - Aster nova-angliae, Helianthus salicifolius, Lunaria annua.

Properties and Uses - Tropaeolum majus can be cultivated in apple (Malus domestica), with good results against afidelor, planted near cabbage, broccoli, tomatoes, potatoes, or beans afidele away.

The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.

Antiseptic. Estern, fruit crushaway from Tropaeolum majus hot poultices may be applied in the infalatii and furunculi.

Infusion of 30 g Tropaeolum majus in 1 l water, a helmet, 2-3 times daily.

It is contraindicated children with gastro-intestinal ulcers and kidney problems.

It can be used as a garden ornamental species or pot.

Myth, legend and folklore - Europe using Tropaeolum majus of approximately 500 years, Spaniards were the ones who imported it from South America.

References

Beth Hanson - Gourmet Herbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001

Gwen J. Harden - Flora of New South Wales - University of Washington Press, 1993

Insect and Plants - CRC, 1992

 

Karin Kraft, Christopher Hobbs - Pocket Guide to Herbal Medicine - Georg Thieme Verlag, 2004

Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005

Robert A.. J. Hart - Forest Gardening - Chelsea Green, 1996

Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006

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