Scientific name - Tropaeolum majus L.
The first species of Tropaeolum majus was introduced in Europe in 1576, in Spain, by Nickolas Monardes and later was introduced to the Netherlands in Peru in 1684 by plant collector Hieronymus van Beverningk.
Popular names - Nasturtium, Indian cress, Chin Hua lien, Capucine, the Capuchin, indianerkresse, isano, nasturzio common Kapuzinerkresse, kinrenka, kapisine, Chagas, kapuzin, Capuchin, texao.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads.
Description - herbaceous annual with branches to 50 cm long, Succulent. Leaf lamina circular to jelly with reniforma, 4-15 cm diameter, sinuous margins, lamina glabra, about 9 nervatiuni radial from stalks, stalks 5-30 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary, pedunculate 15-25 cm long. Sepa 1-2 cm long, 2,5-3,5 cm long spur, straight or curved. Corola 2,5-7 cm diameter, red, yellow or orange. Blooms from May to November. Fruit indehiscent, 1 cm long.
Tolerances - plants tolerate a light frost and poor soils.
Requirements - sandy soil, well drained, sunny or semi-shade exhibition. The wet once a week.
Management - to protect plants against late frosts. Apply the fertilizer phosphorus and potassium. Young plants are easy transplanteaza, mature plants do not bear transplanting.
Propagation - by seeds. It resembles in March-May, in rich soil and sunny, germinate in5-7 days.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alaska', 'Red Jewel', 'Moonlight', 'Ken Aslett'.
Properties and Uses - Tropaeolum majus can be cultivated in apple (Malus domestica), with good results against afidelor, planted near cabbage, broccoli, tomatoes, potatoes, or beans afidele away.
The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Antiseptic. Estern, fruit crushaway from Tropaeolum majus hot poultices may be applied in the infalatii and furunculi.
Infusion of 30 g Tropaeolum majus in 1 l water, a helmet, 2-3 times daily.
It is contraindicated children with gastro-intestinal ulcers and kidney problems.
It can be used as a garden ornamental species or pot.
Myth, legend and folklore - Europe using Tropaeolum majus of approximately 500 years, Spaniards were the ones who imported it from South America.
Beth Hanson - Gourmet Herbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001
Gwen J. Harden - Flora of New South Wales - University of Washington Press, 1993
Insect and Plants - CRC, 1992
Karin Kraft, Christopher Hobbs - Pocket Guide to Herbal Medicine - Georg Thieme Verlag, 2004
Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005
Robert A.. J. Hart - Forest Gardening - Chelsea Green, 1996
Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Horminum pyrenaicum - herbaceous plant, perennial, rizomatoasa, native to Europe, alpine meadows and subalpine grows on limestone bedrock, from 1500 up to 2500 m altitude.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata
Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819