06
Mar
2009
Tulipa
Flowers | Liliopsida
0
0

Scientific name - Tulipa sp.

Description of species blooming spring, in April-May:

Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.

Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.

  Tulipa clusiana D.C.- lady tulip. It was named by botanist Carolus Clusius, XVI century, who knows this species as persica Tulipa praecox.

3.5 glauca leaves, erect, linear-lanceolata, deeply grooved, 2 x 28 cm. Flowers white, pink tepalele exterior has red-tape, 3-6,5 x 1-2 cm, oblong-obovata tepalele interior are white.

Eichler Regel Tulipa. - Was described by Edward king in 1874, the plant found by Eichler, in Baku in the east region of Transcaucasia. Description and illustrations were published in Volume 23 of 'Gartenflora'.

Tunica bulb is hairy. Stem pubescent, 20-40 cm high. Glauca leaves with wavy edges 3.4. Leaves stems, one or two, linear-lanceolata to oblong, 6.5 cm wide and 30 cm long. Flower solitary, red-lit, with a basal spot n eagra bordered with yellow; tepale 7 x 4 cm, each tepala ends with a short pubescent.

Tulipa fosteriana Hoog. - Was described in May 26, 1906, in 'Gardener's Chronicle'. Grows naturally in western Pamir Alai, in the mountains around Samarkand, Uzbekistan, which blooms in April-May, grows on deep soils rich in humus, besides rocarii at altitudes of 1700 m. Bulb tunic brown with dark, dense ruled with pears, especially the top. Floral stem pubescent, 20-35 cm high. Leaves 16-20 cm, margins cilia, covered with a fine pubescent, elliptic to oblongata. Flowers shining red, when it opened 15 cm diameter; tepale 4.12 cm long, short pubescent; tepalele outer obloge, rough, inner tepalele obovata.

Tulipa kaufmanniana Regel. - the waterlily tulip. Originally from Asia, Turkestan. Bulb ovoid, 1.5 to 8.0 cm in diameter; tunicaneagra, coriacee, yellow pubescent at top and bottom. basal leaves 2-5, glauca, glabra, borders Chile, lanceolata or long-elliptical, 20 cm long, upper leaves are smaller and easier erection recurbate. short flower stalk, 10-50 cm. Flowers Solitaire, generally white or cream; tepalele outside carmine have a dark band on the inside are white with a yellow spot at the base, 2:5-11 x 0,8-4,5 cm, lanceolata , recurbate; tepalele Interiors erection, 2,5-10,5 x 1,0-5,5 cm, long-elliptical, or diamond obloge, top obtuse, on both sides of the same color, white or cream. Capsula 3 -- 9 x 1,5-4,0 cm, triangulation in the section.

Tulipa turkestanica RegelTulipa biflora similar, but with stem hairy, 10-30 cm, and 2-4 leaves. Flowers grouped each 12 by a stem, small, have yellow or orange center. Anthers are yellow with purple top.

Tolerances - tolerate a light shading. Not tolerate water stagnation.

Requirements - nisipo-clay and sandy soils, fertile, well drained and sunny exhibitions. Optimum temperature 12 to 16 ° C, floriferi bud differentiation occurs at 20 ° C. The door between growth, after drying the leaves no longer wet.

Management - bulbs are deplanteaza in June, dry, clean and are sorted into sizes. Storing bulbs is in a dry, well ventilated, temperature of 9 ° C. It is planted from September until November. Planting depth 8.10 cm and 10-15 cm between plants per row. Mulcirea help safely crossing bulbs over the winter. Fertilization 1:1,5:1 NPK in winter, and rasarirea NPK plant 1,8:1:1,5.

Propagation - by bulbs.

Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Tabaco ringspot virus, Fusarium Macrosiphum Koehler, Tarsonemum laticeps.

Natural partners and Garden - Primula, Muscari.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Appledorn's Elite', 'Carnaval de Nice', 'Flaming Parrot', 'Georgette', 'Greenland', 'Black,' Oxford ',' West Point '.

References

John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005

Maria Bala - Special Floriculture - Timpolis, ed. II, 2003

Richard Wilford - Tulips- Timber Press, 2006

Scott Oqden - Garden Bulbs for the South - Timber Press, 2007

Z. Botschantzeva - Tulips - CRC, 1982

Biflora Tulipa simili, ma con stelo peloso, 10-30 cm e 2-4 foglie. Fiori raggruppati ogni 12 da un fusto, piccole, hanno un centro di colore giallo o arancione. Antere sono di colore giallo con top viola.
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