Scientific Name - Tussilago L. windbag
Popular names - potbal, tussilaggine, farfallone, coltsfoot.
Distribution and Habitat - wet and marshy places; prefer clay to show the northern lands, from 0 to 2600 to 2700 m altitude.
Description - perennial species, horizontal roots. The leaves appear after flowering, cordiforme, glabra tomentoasa page on the top and bottom, serrated edge, long stalks. Florifera strain 20-30 cm tall, tomentoasa, covered scvame, flowers terminal, solitary, yellow-lemon; receptacle is covered with linear bracts, the disc is composed of tubular flowers, infertile, surrounded by flowers ligulate, fertile. Blooms in March-April. Fruit achenes white doll.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring or autumn.
Curiosity - the leaves, stemscontaining flowers and fragrant essential oils.
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, farfara is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides potbal leaves used as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.