Scientific Name - Tussilago L. windbag
Popular names - potbal, tussilaggine, farfallone, coltsfoot.
Distribution and Habitat - wet and marshy places; prefer clay to show the northern lands, from 0 to 2600 to 2700 m altitude.
Description - perennial species, horizontal roots. The leaves appear after flowering, cordiforme, glabra tomentoasa page on the top and bottom, serrated edge, long stalks. Florifera strain 20-30 cm tall, tomentoasa, covered scvame, flowers terminal, solitary, yellow-lemon; receptacle is covered with linear bracts, the disc is composed of tubular flowers, infertile, surrounded by flowers ligulate, fertile. Blooms in March-April. Fruit achenes white doll.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring or autumn.
Curiosity - the leaves, stemscontaining flowers and fragrant essential oils.
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, farfara is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides potbal leaves used as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.
Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.
Pimelea physodes is a species indigenous to Australia. Stem erect, branched, 0.2-1 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, Sesia, elliptic, acute nested. Capital terminal, solitary, nutant, large bracts, 4-6 cm, yellow, green, red or purple, perianth roots, the average tube, stamens long.
Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.