Scientific Name - Tussilago L. windbag
Popular names - potbal, tussilaggine, farfallone, coltsfoot.
Distribution and Habitat - wet and marshy places; prefer clay to show the northern lands, from 0 to 2600 to 2700 m altitude.
Description - perennial species, horizontal roots. The leaves appear after flowering, cordiforme, glabra tomentoasa page on the top and bottom, serrated edge, long stalks. Florifera strain 20-30 cm tall, tomentoasa, covered scvame, flowers terminal, solitary, yellow-lemon; receptacle is covered with linear bracts, the disc is composed of tubular flowers, infertile, surrounded by flowers ligulate, fertile. Blooms in March-April. Fruit achenes white doll.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring or autumn.
Curiosity - the leaves, stemscontaining flowers and fragrant essential oils.
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, farfara is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides potbal leaves used as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.