27
Apr
2009
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Allium ursinum L.

Popular names - Aglio orsino, Aglio selvatico, Aglio dei Bosch, you ciorasc, of the forest, Aliu of June, Ramsons, Medevehagyma, wild garlic, wild garlic.

Distribution and Habitat - common in shady and moist deciduous forests, up to 1500 m altitude.

Description - herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.

Requirements - prefers moist soil, well drained.

Propagation - by bulbs and seeds.

Natural partners and Garden - Brachypodium sylvaticum, Daucus carota, Galium aparine, Geranium robertianum, Hedera helix, Mercurialis perennis, Rosa sp., Rubus fruticosus, Urtica dioica.

Properties and Uses - entire plant, harvested in AprilIle-June, it has depurative, carminative, diuretic, hypotensive, vermifuge.

Infusion of 3.5 g in 100 ml water, 2-5 cups a day.

Fresh, in salads, dezintoxicant.

For external use, fresh leaves, crushed, for furunculi and abscese.

Decoction of the bulbs has vermifuge properties.

Juice obtained from this plant is used against moth Tinea sarcitella.

Not indicated growing Allium ursinum near bean species. It is planted near Medicago sativa.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - Allium ursinum herb was declared the Year '1992 'by the Association for Protection and the European Medicinal Plant Research.

References

John S. Rodwell - British Plant Communities- Cambridge University Press, 1998

Uberto Tosco - Aromatiche Piante e Medicina - Paolini, 1985

Hans Flueck - Piccola Enciclopedia delle Piante Medicine - AMZ-Marietta, 1976

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Prunus laurocerasus L.

Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.

 
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba

Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .

 
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita

Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.

 
Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear

 
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa

Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).

 
Flowers
Echeveria pulvinata

Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.

 
Thlaspi montanum L.

Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.

Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.

 
Saponaria officinalis

Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.

 
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut

Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.

 
Cirsium palustre

Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.

 
Liliopsida
Kniphofia

Popular names: Torch Lily.

Originally from southern Africa. Kniphofia (complex hybrid) was one of the first species placed in the Cape, in the Netherlands in 1690.

 
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.

Herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, outer tepalele have about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July.

 
Musa sp. - Bananas

Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.

 
Bulbine frutescens

Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.

 
Galanthus elwesii

Galanthus elwesii - bulbous species, native to Asia Minor, was discovered in western Turkey, in 1874, by HJ Elwes.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links