Scientific Name - Verbascum blattaria L.
Synonyms - Verbascum rhinanthifolium Davidov, Verbascum carduifolium Murb ex Hayek
Popular names - lumanarica, verbasco polline.
Distribution and Habitat - grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the tip, stem 30-120 cm tall. Basal leaves 8-25 x 2.5-4 cm, oblong to lanceolate, sessile or short petiolate, margin sinuous to crenat-penatifida, glabra. Inflorescence simple. Bracts 7-8 mm, ovate, acuminata, pedicel 5-25 mm. Calyx 5-8 mm. Corolla 20-30 mm diameter, yellow, rarely white. Stamens 5, filaments purple hairs. Blooms in May-August. Fruit capsule 5-8 mm, overall.
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
A new species of Pastinaca L. in Turkey
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.