17
Mar
2009
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Viburnum opulus L.

Popular names - calin, snowball, snowball bush.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, gray open from outside, brown-yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn. CIMO inflorescences, greenish-white, 5-8 cm diameter. Fertile flowers are surrounded by larger sterile flowers, flowers are 17-18 mm diameter sterile and fertile flowers are 4-5 mm in diameter, Corola formed of 5 petals, 5 stamens united to the corolla tube and are arranged alternate with the petals. Blooms in May-June to July. Fruct Drupal, 12 mm in diameter, ovoid, red, contains a single seed.

Tolerances - adapts to dry soils, poor, and pollution in cities. Tolerates alkaline soils, and winds.

Requirements - exhibition sunny or semi-shade, moist soil, well drained.

Propagation - by seeds (autumn), or stem cuttings (summer).

Maintenance - mowing old branches each year.

Diseases and pests - aphids, termites, cockroaches (strains attacking couples).

Cultivars and varieties - 'Aureum' - new growth is yellow, the leaves are yellow to green. Grows slowly. Prefers a shaded poztie.

'Compactum' - is a species for small spaces. Blooms in May.

'Nanum' - worshipvar May branched and dense, grow to 45-60 cm high. Not much blooming, only isolated. 'Roseum' - inflorescences are frequent, occurring in April. Afidele can attack leaves and stems. Inflorescences are composed only of sterile flowers, not build. Resists temperatures (-1 ° C).

'Xanthocarpum' - yellow-gold fruit, persistent, become translucent after frost. Blooms in May.

Properties and Uses - can be used to form hedges or in groups.

Bark has diuretic properties, antispasmotice, tonic, astringent. It is used especially in periods of nerve during pregnancy.

Fruits containing vitamin C and are edible.

References

David MR Culbreth, Tables Drawings - Manual of Materia Medica and Pharmacology - Lea & Febiger, 1927

Michael A. Dirr - Viburnums - TimberPress, 2007

O. Phelps Brown - The Complete Herbalist, The People Their Own Physicians by the Use of Nature's Remedies - Kessinger Publishing, 2004

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