Scientific name - Viburnum opulus L.
Popular names - calin, snowball, snowball bush.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, gray open from outside, brown-yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn. CIMO inflorescences, greenish-white, 5-8 cm diameter. Fertile flowers are surrounded by larger sterile flowers, flowers are 17-18 mm diameter sterile and fertile flowers are 4-5 mm in diameter, Corola formed of 5 petals, 5 stamens united to the corolla tube and are arranged alternate with the petals. Blooms in May-June to July. Fruct Drupal, 12 mm in diameter, ovoid, red, contains a single seed.
Tolerances - adapts to dry soils, poor, and pollution in cities. Tolerates alkaline soils, and winds.
Requirements - exhibition sunny or semi-shade, moist soil, well drained.
Propagation - by seeds (autumn), or stem cuttings (summer).
Maintenance - mowing old branches each year.
Diseases and pests - aphids, termites, cockroaches (strains attacking couples).
Cultivars and varieties - 'Aureum' - new growth is yellow, the leaves are yellow to green. Grows slowly. Prefers a shaded poztie.
'Nanum' - worshipvar May branched and dense, grow to 45-60 cm high. Not much blooming, only isolated. 'Roseum' - inflorescences are frequent, occurring in April. Afidele can attack leaves and stems. Inflorescences are composed only of sterile flowers, not build. Resists temperatures (-1 ° C).
'Xanthocarpum' - yellow-gold fruit, persistent, become translucent after frost. Blooms in May.
Properties and Uses - can be used to form hedges or in groups.
Bark has diuretic properties, antispasmotice, tonic, astringent. It is used especially in periods of nerve during pregnancy.
Fruits containing vitamin C and are edible.
David MR Culbreth, Tables Drawings - Manual of Materia Medica and Pharmacology - Lea & Febiger, 1927
Michael A. Dirr - Viburnums - TimberPress, 2007
O. Phelps Brown - The Complete Herbalist, The People Their Own Physicians by the Use of Nature's Remedies - Kessinger Publishing, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.