20
Jan
2009
Viburnum tinus
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Popular names: English - Laurestinus Viburnum, tinus Laurel, Tinus laurifolius, Italian - lentaggine, Lauro-tino, alloro-tino, laurentino.

Viburnum tinus is originally from southern Europe and the Mediterranean.

John Gerard wrote first on Viburnum tinus in Herball in 1597.

Bush, crown oval, thick, 3 m high, young branches pubescent, flexible purple. Murguri pink. Leaves persistent or subopuse opposite, simple, margin entire pubescent; language ovat, pubescent, top acute, base round; nervatiune pinnate, 5-10 cm long, 2,5-4 cm wide, petiole pubescent. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-pinkish, arranged in umbele compound, calyx small, campanulata, red, Corola campanulata, external recurvata, 5 petals rounded short tube. Infloresti in December to March. Pollination is done by insects. Fruit drupe, oval, fleshy, dark blue metallic.

They prefer direct sun but can grow in semi-shade, slightly alkaline soil, sandy soil, can grow on soils and clay. Tolerate frosts, but not higher than -15 ° C.

Is multiplied by cuttings and by seeds. The seedlings of stalk shoots, early summer in a greenhouse. If cuttings are mature timber should give roots spring. The best time for transplanting are spring and autumn. Are shearing after blooming.

The seeds in cold greenhouse immediately after fruit ripening. Germination takes place after 18 months. If seeds are not fully matured and is immediately seamna cold greenhouse, can germinate until the following spring.

Diseases and pests - can have problems with afidele, trips and nematodes.

Can be ultilizat for hedges, container (if kept too long in the mind ainere will no longer develop, crown disordered), attract butterflies.

Cultivation and varieties - 'Bewley's Variegated' (green leaves with creamy yellow edges), 'Eve Price', 'Gwenllian', 'Pink Prelude', 'purpureum', 'Spring Bouquet' (increase only up to 1.5 m) , 'Robustum' (pink flowers).

Partners garden - Choisy Ternate 'Sundance', Elaeagnus pungens 'maculata', Pittosporum eugenoides 'Variegata' Photinia robusta,target = "_blank"> Helleborus orientalis, Salvia littae, Ilex, Pyracantha, Ligustrum, Euonymus americana, Deutz.

Viburnum tinus contains viburnina, saponin, tannins, used for removing menstrual pain, headache and tooth. It is a toxic plant, it is medical advice.

References

James R. Cothran - Hostoric Gardens and Plants of the Antebellum South & ndAsh, University of South Carolina Press, 2003

Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001

Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002

Michael A. Dirr - Viburnums - Flowering Shrubs for Every Season - Timber Press, 2007

Michael W. Buffin - Winter-Flowering Shrubs - Timber Press, 2005

Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006

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