Popular names: English - Laurestinus Viburnum, tinus Laurel, Tinus laurifolius, Italian - lentaggine, Lauro-tino, alloro-tino, laurentino.
Viburnum tinus is originally from southern Europe and the Mediterranean.
John Gerard wrote first on Viburnum tinus in Herball in 1597.
Bush, crown oval, thick, 3 m high, young branches pubescent, flexible purple. Murguri pink. Leaves persistent or subopuse opposite, simple, margin entire pubescent; language ovat, pubescent, top acute, base round; nervatiune pinnate, 5-10 cm long, 2,5-4 cm wide, petiole pubescent. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-pinkish, arranged in umbele compound, calyx small, campanulata, red, Corola campanulata, external recurvata, 5 petals rounded short tube. Infloresti in December to March. Pollination is done by insects. Fruit drupe, oval, fleshy, dark blue metallic.
They prefer direct sun but can grow in semi-shade, slightly alkaline soil, sandy soil, can grow on soils and clay. Tolerate frosts, but not higher than -15 ° C.
Is multiplied by cuttings and by seeds. The seedlings of stalk shoots, early summer in a greenhouse. If cuttings are mature timber should give roots spring. The best time for transplanting are spring and autumn. Are shearing after blooming.
The seeds in cold greenhouse immediately after fruit ripening. Germination takes place after 18 months. If seeds are not fully matured and is immediately seamna cold greenhouse, can germinate until the following spring.
Diseases and pests - can have problems with afidele, trips and nematodes.
Can be ultilizat for hedges, container (if kept too long in the mind ainere will no longer develop, crown disordered), attract butterflies.
Cultivation and varieties - 'Bewley's Variegated' (green leaves with creamy yellow edges), 'Eve Price', 'Gwenllian', 'Pink Prelude', 'purpureum', 'Spring Bouquet' (increase only up to 1.5 m) , 'Robustum' (pink flowers).
Partners garden - Choisy Ternate 'Sundance', Elaeagnus pungens 'maculata', Pittosporum eugenoides 'Variegata' Photinia robusta,target = "_blank"> Helleborus orientalis, Salvia littae, Ilex, Pyracantha, Ligustrum, Euonymus americana, Deutz.
Viburnum tinus contains viburnina, saponin, tannins, used for removing menstrual pain, headache and tooth. It is a toxic plant, it is medical advice.
James R. Cothran - Hostoric Gardens and Plants of the Antebellum South & ndAsh, University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Michael A. Dirr - Viburnums - Flowering Shrubs for Every Season - Timber Press, 2007
Michael W. Buffin - Winter-Flowering Shrubs - Timber Press, 2005
Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Rosa moschata 'Mozart'
Rosa moschata 'Mozart' is an antique rose, used as an ornamental species, solitary or in groups of 2-4 plants.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Shrub or small tree, evergreen, 1-4 m high. Prostrata strain or upward. Green stalk, glabra, thin, flexible, geniculati. Leaves 2-6 cm long, oblong-elliptic, top obtuse or acute, margin fine teeth 3 ribs prominent upper front glabra, 12-15 mm long stalks.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.