Popular names: English - Laurestinus Viburnum, tinus Laurel, Tinus laurifolius, Italian - lentaggine, Lauro-tino, alloro-tino, laurentino.
Viburnum tinus is originally from southern Europe and the Mediterranean.
John Gerard wrote first on Viburnum tinus in Herball in 1597.
Bush, crown oval, thick, 3 m high, young branches pubescent, flexible purple. Murguri pink. Leaves persistent or subopuse opposite, simple, margin entire pubescent; language ovat, pubescent, top acute, base round; nervatiune pinnate, 5-10 cm long, 2,5-4 cm wide, petiole pubescent. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-pinkish, arranged in umbele compound, calyx small, campanulata, red, Corola campanulata, external recurvata, 5 petals rounded short tube. Infloresti in December to March. Pollination is done by insects. Fruit drupe, oval, fleshy, dark blue metallic.
They prefer direct sun but can grow in semi-shade, slightly alkaline soil, sandy soil, can grow on soils and clay. Tolerate frosts, but not higher than -15 ° C.
Is multiplied by cuttings and by seeds. The seedlings of stalk shoots, early summer in a greenhouse. If cuttings are mature timber should give roots spring. The best time for transplanting are spring and autumn. Are shearing after blooming.
The seeds in cold greenhouse immediately after fruit ripening. Germination takes place after 18 months. If seeds are not fully matured and is immediately seamna cold greenhouse, can germinate until the following spring.
Diseases and pests - can have problems with afidele, trips and nematodes.
Can be ultilizat for hedges, container (if kept too long in the mind ainere will no longer develop, crown disordered), attract butterflies.
Cultivation and varieties - 'Bewley's Variegated' (green leaves with creamy yellow edges), 'Eve Price', 'Gwenllian', 'Pink Prelude', 'purpureum', 'Spring Bouquet' (increase only up to 1.5 m) , 'Robustum' (pink flowers).
Partners garden - Choisy Ternate 'Sundance', Elaeagnus pungens 'maculata', Pittosporum eugenoides 'Variegata' Photinia robusta,target = "_blank"> Helleborus orientalis, Salvia littae, Ilex, Pyracantha, Ligustrum, Euonymus americana, Deutz.
Viburnum tinus contains viburnina, saponin, tannins, used for removing menstrual pain, headache and tooth. It is a toxic plant, it is medical advice.
James R. Cothran - Hostoric Gardens and Plants of the Antebellum South & ndAsh, University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Michael A. Dirr - Viburnums - Flowering Shrubs for Every Season - Timber Press, 2007
Michael W. Buffin - Winter-Flowering Shrubs - Timber Press, 2005
Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.