Popular names: English - Laurestinus Viburnum, tinus Laurel, Tinus laurifolius, Italian - lentaggine, Lauro-tino, alloro-tino, laurentino.
Viburnum tinus is originally from southern Europe and the Mediterranean.
John Gerard wrote first on Viburnum tinus in Herball in 1597.
Bush, crown oval, thick, 3 m high, young branches pubescent, flexible purple. Murguri pink. Leaves persistent or subopuse opposite, simple, margin entire pubescent; language ovat, pubescent, top acute, base round; nervatiune pinnate, 5-10 cm long, 2,5-4 cm wide, petiole pubescent. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-pinkish, arranged in umbele compound, calyx small, campanulata, red, Corola campanulata, external recurvata, 5 petals rounded short tube. Infloresti in December to March. Pollination is done by insects. Fruit drupe, oval, fleshy, dark blue metallic.
They prefer direct sun but can grow in semi-shade, slightly alkaline soil, sandy soil, can grow on soils and clay. Tolerate frosts, but not higher than -15 ° C.
Is multiplied by cuttings and by seeds. The seedlings of stalk shoots, early summer in a greenhouse. If cuttings are mature timber should give roots spring. The best time for transplanting are spring and autumn. Are shearing after blooming.
The seeds in cold greenhouse immediately after fruit ripening. Germination takes place after 18 months. If seeds are not fully matured and is immediately seamna cold greenhouse, can germinate until the following spring.
Diseases and pests - can have problems with afidele, trips and nematodes.
Can be ultilizat for hedges, container (if kept too long in the mind ainere will no longer develop, crown disordered), attract butterflies.
Cultivation and varieties - 'Bewley's Variegated' (green leaves with creamy yellow edges), 'Eve Price', 'Gwenllian', 'Pink Prelude', 'purpureum', 'Spring Bouquet' (increase only up to 1.5 m) , 'Robustum' (pink flowers).
Partners garden - Choisy Ternate 'Sundance', Elaeagnus pungens 'maculata', Pittosporum eugenoides 'Variegata' Photinia robusta,target = "_blank"> Helleborus orientalis, Salvia littae, Ilex, Pyracantha, Ligustrum, Euonymus americana, Deutz.
Viburnum tinus contains viburnina, saponin, tannins, used for removing menstrual pain, headache and tooth. It is a toxic plant, it is medical advice.
James R. Cothran - Hostoric Gardens and Plants of the Antebellum South & ndAsh, University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Michael A. Dirr - Viburnums - Flowering Shrubs for Every Season - Timber Press, 2007
Michael W. Buffin - Winter-Flowering Shrubs - Timber Press, 2005
Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow
Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals