Popular names: English - Laurestinus Viburnum, tinus Laurel, Tinus laurifolius, Italian - lentaggine, Lauro-tino, alloro-tino, laurentino.
Viburnum tinus is originally from southern Europe and the Mediterranean.
John Gerard wrote first on Viburnum tinus in Herball in 1597.
Bush, crown oval, thick, 3 m high, young branches pubescent, flexible purple. Murguri pink. Leaves persistent or subopuse opposite, simple, margin entire pubescent; language ovat, pubescent, top acute, base round; nervatiune pinnate, 5-10 cm long, 2,5-4 cm wide, petiole pubescent. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-pinkish, arranged in umbele compound, calyx small, campanulata, red, Corola campanulata, external recurvata, 5 petals rounded short tube. Infloresti in December to March. Pollination is done by insects. Fruit drupe, oval, fleshy, dark blue metallic.
They prefer direct sun but can grow in semi-shade, slightly alkaline soil, sandy soil, can grow on soils and clay. Tolerate frosts, but not higher than -15 ° C.
Is multiplied by cuttings and by seeds. The seedlings of stalk shoots, early summer in a greenhouse. If cuttings are mature timber should give roots spring. The best time for transplanting are spring and autumn. Are shearing after blooming.
The seeds in cold greenhouse immediately after fruit ripening. Germination takes place after 18 months. If seeds are not fully matured and is immediately seamna cold greenhouse, can germinate until the following spring.
Diseases and pests - can have problems with afidele, trips and nematodes.
Can be ultilizat for hedges, container (if kept too long in the mind ainere will no longer develop, crown disordered), attract butterflies.
Cultivation and varieties - 'Bewley's Variegated' (green leaves with creamy yellow edges), 'Eve Price', 'Gwenllian', 'Pink Prelude', 'purpureum', 'Spring Bouquet' (increase only up to 1.5 m) , 'Robustum' (pink flowers).
Partners garden - Choisy Ternate 'Sundance', Elaeagnus pungens 'maculata', Pittosporum eugenoides 'Variegata' Photinia robusta,target = "_blank"> Helleborus orientalis, Salvia littae, Ilex, Pyracantha, Ligustrum, Euonymus americana, Deutz.
Viburnum tinus contains viburnina, saponin, tannins, used for removing menstrual pain, headache and tooth. It is a toxic plant, it is medical advice.
James R. Cothran - Hostoric Gardens and Plants of the Antebellum South & ndAsh, University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Michael A. Dirr - Viburnums - Flowering Shrubs for Every Season - Timber Press, 2007
Michael W. Buffin - Winter-Flowering Shrubs - Timber Press, 2005
Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Carica papaya - originally from Costa Rica, USA, tropical to temperate areas, up to 1500 m altitude.
The fruit contains protein, carbohydrates, potassium, phosphorus, vitamin A, vitamin C.
Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip tree
Monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.