Scientific Name - Viola odorata L.
Popular names - toporasi, tamaioara, viola mammola, violetta.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome thick, articulated, the rosette of leaves and thick stolons repent air with adventitious roots at nodes. Leaves dark green, round, kidney-shaped heart, 1.5-3 cm long, glabra. Stipele triangular, 5-6 x 6-7 mm, lanceolate domestic, glabra fimbriata with fimbriata short, thick, brown glandule. Flowers fragrant. Glabrata or slightly pubescent pedicel. Bracteole placed at or above the middle peduncle. Sepals ovate, obtuse at the top. Petals ovate, dark purple, rarely white, blue, red, 1-2.5 cm, emarginate or entire, the lateral LANCeolate, the lower with a spur obtuse, 2-4 mm, slightly longer than appendix sepals, straight or curved upward, the color purple. Blooms in March-April. Fruit capsule spherical or hexagonal triedrica, green or purple.
Requirements - soil rich in humus, sand-clay, friable.
Propagation - by seed, is sown in July and August, furrows, in hotbeds or cold field at semiumbra. The seeds are covered with a layer of sand or decomposed mranita.
Properties and Uses - are grown for ornamental purposes.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.
A new species of Eugenia from southeastern Brazil