Scientific Name - Viola odorata L.
Popular names - toporasi, tamaioara, viola mammola, violetta.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome thick, articulated, the rosette of leaves and thick stolons repent air with adventitious roots at nodes. Leaves dark green, round, kidney-shaped heart, 1.5-3 cm long, glabra. Stipele triangular, 5-6 x 6-7 mm, lanceolate domestic, glabra fimbriata with fimbriata short, thick, brown glandule. Flowers fragrant. Glabrata or slightly pubescent pedicel. Bracteole placed at or above the middle peduncle. Sepals ovate, obtuse at the top. Petals ovate, dark purple, rarely white, blue, red, 1-2.5 cm, emarginate or entire, the lateral LANCeolate, the lower with a spur obtuse, 2-4 mm, slightly longer than appendix sepals, straight or curved upward, the color purple. Blooms in March-April. Fruit capsule spherical or hexagonal triedrica, green or purple.
Requirements - soil rich in humus, sand-clay, friable.
Propagation - by seed, is sown in July and August, furrows, in hotbeds or cold field at semiumbra. The seeds are covered with a layer of sand or decomposed mranita.
Properties and Uses - are grown for ornamental purposes.
Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.
Nicotiana tabacum - herbaceous annual, terofita. The product obtained is known cigarettes.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.