24
Mar
2011
Viola odorata - bluebells
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Viola odorata L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - toporasi, tamaioara, viola mammola, violetta.

Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.

Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome thick, articulated, the rosette of leaves and thick stolons repent air with adventitious roots at nodes. Leaves dark green, round, kidney-shaped heart, 1.5-3 cm long, glabra. Stipele triangular, 5-6 x 6-7 mm, lanceolate domestic, glabra fimbriata with fimbriata short, thick, brown glandule. Flowers fragrant. Glabrata or slightly pubescent pedicel. Bracteole placed at or above the middle peduncle. Sepals ovate, obtuse at the top. Petals ovate, dark purple, rarely white, blue, red, 1-2.5 cm, emarginate or entire, the lateral LANCeolate, the lower with a spur obtuse, 2-4 mm, slightly longer than appendix sepals, straight or curved upward, the color purple. Blooms in March-April. Fruit capsule spherical or hexagonal triedrica, green or purple.

Requirements - soil rich in humus, sand-clay, friable.

Propagation - by seed, is sown in July and August, furrows, in hotbeds or cold field at semiumbra. The seeds are covered with a layer of sand or decomposed mranita.

Properties and Uses - are grown for ornamental purposes.


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