Scientific Name - Viola odorata L.
Popular names - toporasi, tamaioara, viola mammola, violetta.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome thick, articulated, the rosette of leaves and thick stolons repent air with adventitious roots at nodes. Leaves dark green, round, kidney-shaped heart, 1.5-3 cm long, glabra. Stipele triangular, 5-6 x 6-7 mm, lanceolate domestic, glabra fimbriata with fimbriata short, thick, brown glandule. Flowers fragrant. Glabrata or slightly pubescent pedicel. Bracteole placed at or above the middle peduncle. Sepals ovate, obtuse at the top. Petals ovate, dark purple, rarely white, blue, red, 1-2.5 cm, emarginate or entire, the lateral LANCeolate, the lower with a spur obtuse, 2-4 mm, slightly longer than appendix sepals, straight or curved upward, the color purple. Blooms in March-April. Fruit capsule spherical or hexagonal triedrica, green or purple.
Requirements - soil rich in humus, sand-clay, friable.
Propagation - by seed, is sown in July and August, furrows, in hotbeds or cold field at semiumbra. The seeds are covered with a layer of sand or decomposed mranita.
Properties and Uses - are grown for ornamental purposes.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Silene bitlisensis O. Tugay & Ertugrul
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.