Scientific Name - Viola odorata L.
Popular names - toporasi, tamaioara, viola mammola, violetta.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome thick, articulated, the rosette of leaves and thick stolons repent air with adventitious roots at nodes. Leaves dark green, round, kidney-shaped heart, 1.5-3 cm long, glabra. Stipele triangular, 5-6 x 6-7 mm, lanceolate domestic, glabra fimbriata with fimbriata short, thick, brown glandule. Flowers fragrant. Glabrata or slightly pubescent pedicel. Bracteole placed at or above the middle peduncle. Sepals ovate, obtuse at the top. Petals ovate, dark purple, rarely white, blue, red, 1-2.5 cm, emarginate or entire, the lateral LANCeolate, the lower with a spur obtuse, 2-4 mm, slightly longer than appendix sepals, straight or curved upward, the color purple. Blooms in March-April. Fruit capsule spherical or hexagonal triedrica, green or purple.
Requirements - soil rich in humus, sand-clay, friable.
Propagation - by seed, is sown in July and August, furrows, in hotbeds or cold field at semiumbra. The seeds are covered with a layer of sand or decomposed mranita.
Properties and Uses - are grown for ornamental purposes.
Horminum pyrenaicum - herbaceous plant, perennial, rizomatoasa, native to Europe, alpine meadows and subalpine grows on limestone bedrock, from 1500 up to 2500 m altitude.
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs