14
Jan
2009
Viola x wittrockiana
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Popular names: English - Pansy, Romanian - pansies, french - pensée;

Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.

Planting is done in bright places, with protection against the morning sun or partial shade. They prefer colder locations, soil rich in organic matter, moist, well drained.

Panselutele are the best choice for winter gardens. To have a longer period of prosperity, semintele be signed in August or September at the latest. To bloom in June-September, seeds are alike in February-March. The seeds are covered with a thin layer of earth. Plantulele are planted at 20 cm distance from each other, in May.

Ideal for bouquets are panselutele of Giant Swiss variety, which have larger stems and flowers, but are less tolerant of heat. It can be used as a species for borders.

Panselutele are attacked by aphids and snails with shell.

References

Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin, 2000

Bill Sheat, Gerald Schofield - Complete Gardening in Southern Africa - Struik Publishers, 1995

Charlotte Seidenberq - The New Orleans Garden - University Press of Mississippi, 1993

New Flora of the British Isles - Cambridge University Press, 1997

 

Graham Rose - The Low Maintenance Garden - Frances Lincoln, 1983

Leon Snyder - Gardening in the Upper Midwest - University of Minnesota Press, 2000

Linda Hillegass - Flower Gardening in the Hot Midwest - University of Illinois Press, 2000

Nico Vermeulen - Encyclopedia of House Plants - Routledge, 1999

Shane Smith - Greenhouse Gardener's Companion - Fulcrum Publishing, 2000

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