Popular names: English - Pansy, Romanian - pansies, french - pensée;
Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.
Planting is done in bright places, with protection against the morning sun or partial shade. They prefer colder locations, soil rich in organic matter, moist, well drained.
Panselutele are the best choice for winter gardens. To have a longer period of prosperity, semintele be signed in August or September at the latest. To bloom in June-September, seeds are alike in February-March. The seeds are covered with a thin layer of earth. Plantulele are planted at 20 cm distance from each other, in May.
Ideal for bouquets are panselutele of Giant Swiss variety, which have larger stems and flowers, but are less tolerant of heat. It can be used as a species for borders.
Panselutele are attacked by aphids and snails with shell.
Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin, 2000
Bill Sheat, Gerald Schofield - Complete Gardening in Southern Africa - Struik Publishers, 1995
Charlotte Seidenberq - The New Orleans Garden - University Press of Mississippi, 1993
New Flora of the British Isles - Cambridge University Press, 1997
Graham Rose - The Low Maintenance Garden - Frances Lincoln, 1983
Leon Snyder - Gardening in the Upper Midwest - University of Minnesota Press, 2000
Linda Hillegass - Flower Gardening in the Hot Midwest - University of Illinois Press, 2000
Nico Vermeulen - Encyclopedia of House Plants - Routledge, 1999
Shane Smith - Greenhouse Gardener's Companion - Fulcrum Publishing, 2000
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Syringa vulgaris L.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper