Scientific Name - Wisteria sinensis DC.
Synonyms - Glicine sinensis, Kraunhia chinensis, Millett chinensis, Rehsonia sinensis.
Popular names - glicina, glicini, Glycines, Der Glyzinien, Chinese wisteria.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in China.
Description - climbing species, rural, 10-20 m long. Stem 4-10 cm diameter, branched, densely pubescent stems, bark gray with lenticels. Leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, pinnate-compound, leaflets 7-13, ovate-elliptic, 4-8 x 2-6 cm. Purple flowers, purple, pink or white, arranged in raceme pendulums, 10-40 cm long, corolla papilionata, 2-2.5 cm long, calyx tube 3-3.5 cm long. Blooms in April-May. Fruits pods, 10-15 cm long, pubescent, brown.
Growth rate - fast. Longevity 50 years.
Tolerance - the shadow.
Requirements - prefers soilss fertile, moist, well-drained, with sunny or semi-shade exhibition.
Propagation - by lignified seedlings, green seedlings, and seeds.
Cultivars - 'Alba', 'Flat Rate'.
Properties and Uses - a species cultivated for ornamental purposes in parks and gardens, pergolas or walls.
Curiosity - the first time in Europe was introduced by Welbank Englishman, in 1816.
Glicine derived from Greek and means "sweet herb", this name was given by Linne, a plant, Wisteria frutescens, American introduced in the early 1700s.
Botanist Thomas Nuttall named the genus in honor of Dr. Caspar Wistar Wisteris (1761-1818).
Wisteria sinensis species is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.
Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.
Roots fix nitrogen in the soil.
Pods and seeds are toxic if ingested, causing nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Trees and shrubs
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.