19
Oct
2010
Wisteria sinensis - Chinese wisteria
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
7
0

Scientific Name - Wisteria sinensis DC.

Synonyms - Glicine sinensis, Kraunhia chinensis, Millett chinensis, Rehsonia sinensis.

Popular names - glicina, glicini, Glycines, Der Glyzinien, Chinese wisteria.

Distribution and Habitat - originated in China.

Description - climbing species, rural, 10-20 m long. Stem 4-10 cm diameter, branched, densely pubescent stems, bark gray with lenticels. Leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, pinnate-compound, leaflets 7-13, ovate-elliptic, 4-8 x 2-6 cm. Purple flowers, purple, pink or white, arranged in raceme pendulums, 10-40 cm long, corolla papilionata, 2-2.5 cm long, calyx tube 3-3.5 cm long. Blooms in April-May. Fruits pods, 10-15 cm long, pubescent, brown.

Growth rate - fast. Longevity 50 years.

Tolerance - the shadow.

Requirements - prefers soilss fertile, moist, well-drained, with sunny or semi-shade exhibition.

Propagation - by lignified seedlings, green seedlings, and seeds.

Cultivars - 'Alba', 'Flat Rate'.

Properties and Uses - a species cultivated for ornamental purposes in parks and gardens, pergolas or walls.

Curiosity - the first time in Europe was introduced by Welbank Englishman, in 1816.

Glicine derived from Greek and means "sweet herb", this name was given by Linne, a plant, Wisteria frutescens, American introduced in the early 1700s.

Botanist Thomas Nuttall named the genus in honor of Dr. Caspar Wistar Wisteris (1761-1818).

Wisteria sinensis species is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.

Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.

Roots fix nitrogen in the soil.

Pods and seeds are toxic if ingested, causing nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.

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