Scientific name - Ziziphus jujuba Mill
Synonyms - Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Rhamnus jujuba L.
Popular names - Annaba, yes ZAO, Joint giuggiolo, jujuba, jujubier commun, Chinesische Dattel, azufaifo, acofeiferia, zinzu, zezal, zizzoa, jujimi, ciciula, zinzulu, Giuggioli, genzola, zizola.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in China, grows spontaneously in the mountains of Beijing. Sin grows in India, Malaysia, and Japan Afaganistan.
Description - deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm . Flo Area solitary or in groups of 2-3, the armpit leaves, white-green, 4-5 mm diameter, peduncle short, 0.5-1 mm long, calyx campanulata, 5 lobes ovat-triangular, acute Corola with 5 petals, more smaller than sepalele, 5 stamens, arranged opposite petals. Blooms in June-July. Fruit drupe, subglobos-oblong, 2-2.5 cm long, at first green, then yellow, brown-red, yellow flesh, sweet. 2 seeds / fruit oblong, red-brown to gray, top mucronata.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - ͦ temperatures up to -15 C and drought.
Requirements - soil moist, well-drained, alkaline, semi-shady places or in full sun.
Propagation - by seeds. Seeds to stratify for 3 months. Germination occurs in the first spring after seeding. Potting-up is summer, retained to 5-10 ͦ C.
Diseases and pests -
Cultivars and varieties - 'Leon Burk', 'Silverhill', 'Swoboda'.
Now three hundred years, Chinese Li Shi Chen described 43 varieties of jujuba, today in China are over 800 varieties.
Properties and Uses - 350 calories / 100g. Protein 7.3 g Fat 1.2 g Carbohydrates 84 g Fiber 4 g Calcium 130 mg. Phosphorus 168 mg. Iron 3.5 mg. Sodium 12 mg. 1050 mg potassium. Vitamin A 125 mg.
Dried fruits contain saponins and alkaloids. The anticancer properties, refreshing, sedative and tonic. It is thought to purify blood and dried fruit help digestion. Domestic use for bronchitis, anemia, irritability and hysteria.
Blending fruit on Ziziphus jujuba, salt and help Chile indigestion problems.
The seeds contain saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. The properties hypnotic, narcotic, sedative and tonic. Domestic used for palpitations, insomnia and excessive sweating.
Decoction of the roots was used to treat fever.
The leaves are thestringent and febrifuge, and is said to help hair growth.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - in Romagna, the colonial house was cultivated near houses in the most sheltered and sunny, as a plant believed to carry good luck.
First jujuba plant was cultivated in America in 1837, in Beaufort, North Carolina.
Fruits were insecrise in Pharmacopoeia, 1985, in the Chinese Pharmacopeia edition.
Alessandra Giuliani - Developing Markets for Agrobiodiversity - Earthscan Publications, 2007
Lee Reich - Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden - Timber Press, 2004
Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992
Susan G. Wynn - Veterinary Herbal Medicine - Mosby, 2006
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Trees and shrubs
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.