15
Jun
2009
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Ziziphus jujuba Mill

Synonyms - Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Rhamnus jujuba L.

Popular names - Annaba, yes ZAO, Joint giuggiolo, jujuba, jujubier commun, Chinesische Dattel, azufaifo, acofeiferia, zinzu, zezal, zizzoa, jujimi, ciciula, zinzulu, Giuggioli, genzola, zizola.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in China, grows spontaneously in the mountains of Beijing. Sin grows in India, Malaysia, and Japan Afaganistan.

Description - deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm . Flo Area solitary or in groups of 2-3, the armpit leaves, white-green, 4-5 mm diameter, peduncle short, 0.5-1 mm long, calyx campanulata, 5 lobes ovat-triangular, acute Corola with 5 petals, more smaller than sepalele, 5 stamens, arranged opposite petals. Blooms in June-July. Fruit drupe, subglobos-oblong, 2-2.5 cm long, at first green, then yellow, brown-red, yellow flesh, sweet. 2 seeds / fruit oblong, red-brown to gray, top mucronata.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - ͦ temperatures up to -15 C and drought.

Requirements - soil moist, well-drained, alkaline, semi-shady places or in full sun.

Propagation - by seeds. Seeds to stratify for 3 months. Germination occurs in the first spring after seeding. Potting-up is summer, retained to 5-10 ͦ C.

Diseases and pests -

Natural partners and Garden - Arbutus unedo, Hypericum calycinum.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Leon Burk', 'Silverhill', 'Swoboda'.

Now three hundred years, Chinese Li Shi Chen described 43 varieties of jujuba, today in China are over 800 varieties.

Properties and Uses - 350 calories / 100g. Protein 7.3 g Fat 1.2 g Carbohydrates 84 g Fiber 4 g Calcium 130 mg. Phosphorus 168 mg. Iron 3.5 mg. Sodium 12 mg. 1050 mg potassium. Vitamin A 125 mg.

Dried fruits contain saponins and alkaloids. The anticancer properties, refreshing, sedative and tonic. It is thought to purify blood and dried fruit help digestion. Domestic use for bronchitis, anemia, irritability and hysteria.

Blending fruit on Ziziphus jujuba, salt and help Chile indigestion problems.

Fruits can also be mixed with Morus alba, Panax ginseng, Prunus mume.

For insomnia, 20 fruit of Ziziphus jujuba, 7 tails of onion and 3 cups water, boil and drink.

The seeds contain saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. The properties hypnotic, narcotic, sedative and tonic. Domestic used for palpitations, insomnia and excessive sweating.

Decoction of the roots was used to treat fever.

The leaves are thestringent and febrifuge, and is said to help hair growth.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - in Romagna, the colonial house was cultivated near houses in the most sheltered and sunny, as a plant believed to carry good luck.

First jujuba plant was cultivated in America in 1837, in Beaufort, North Carolina.

Fruits were insecrise in Pharmacopoeia, 1985, in the Chinese Pharmacopeia edition.

References

Alessandra Giuliani - Developing Markets for Agrobiodiversity - Earthscan Publications, 2007

Lee Reich - Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden - Timber Press, 2004

Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992

Susan G. Wynn - Veterinary Herbal Medicine - Mosby, 2006

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Bellis perennis L. - bucks

Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval

 
Hedeoma pulegioides

Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.

 
Myrsine africana

Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.

 
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing

Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes

 
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful

Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.

 
Trees and shrubs
Magnolia baillonii

Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.

 
Albizzia julibrissin

Albizzia julibrissin - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, in groups of three, or street alignments.

Genus was named by Antonio Duranzzini, in 1772 by Italian Filippo degli Albizzi.

 
Areca catechu L.

Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.

Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.

 
Polygala chamaebuxus

Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.

 
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata

Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.

 
Magnoliopsida
Cassia angustifolia

Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.

 
Viburnum tinus

Popular names: English - Laurestinus Viburnum, tinus Laurel, Tinus laurifolius, Italian - lentaggine, Lauro-tino, alloro-tino, laurentino.

Viburnum tinus is originally from southern Europe and the Mediterranean.

 
Lampranthus aurantiacus

Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.

 
Convolvulus althaeoides

Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.

 
Fothergilla

Fothergilla gardenii - small shrub, up to 1 m high. Leaves 4.8 x 1.5-5 cm, edge to the top gear. Flowers white with pink ears appear before the leaf in the terminal, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-May, prefers moist soil, well-drained, in full sun.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links