Scientific name - Ziziphus jujuba Mill
Synonyms - Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Rhamnus jujuba L.
Popular names - Annaba, yes ZAO, Joint giuggiolo, jujuba, jujubier commun, Chinesische Dattel, azufaifo, acofeiferia, zinzu, zezal, zizzoa, jujimi, ciciula, zinzulu, Giuggioli, genzola, zizola.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in China, grows spontaneously in the mountains of Beijing. Sin grows in India, Malaysia, and Japan Afaganistan.
Description - deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm . Flo Area solitary or in groups of 2-3, the armpit leaves, white-green, 4-5 mm diameter, peduncle short, 0.5-1 mm long, calyx campanulata, 5 lobes ovat-triangular, acute Corola with 5 petals, more smaller than sepalele, 5 stamens, arranged opposite petals. Blooms in June-July. Fruit drupe, subglobos-oblong, 2-2.5 cm long, at first green, then yellow, brown-red, yellow flesh, sweet. 2 seeds / fruit oblong, red-brown to gray, top mucronata.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - ͦ temperatures up to -15 C and drought.
Requirements - soil moist, well-drained, alkaline, semi-shady places or in full sun.
Propagation - by seeds. Seeds to stratify for 3 months. Germination occurs in the first spring after seeding. Potting-up is summer, retained to 5-10 ͦ C.
Diseases and pests -
Cultivars and varieties - 'Leon Burk', 'Silverhill', 'Swoboda'.
Now three hundred years, Chinese Li Shi Chen described 43 varieties of jujuba, today in China are over 800 varieties.
Properties and Uses - 350 calories / 100g. Protein 7.3 g Fat 1.2 g Carbohydrates 84 g Fiber 4 g Calcium 130 mg. Phosphorus 168 mg. Iron 3.5 mg. Sodium 12 mg. 1050 mg potassium. Vitamin A 125 mg.
Dried fruits contain saponins and alkaloids. The anticancer properties, refreshing, sedative and tonic. It is thought to purify blood and dried fruit help digestion. Domestic use for bronchitis, anemia, irritability and hysteria.
Blending fruit on Ziziphus jujuba, salt and help Chile indigestion problems.
The seeds contain saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. The properties hypnotic, narcotic, sedative and tonic. Domestic used for palpitations, insomnia and excessive sweating.
Decoction of the roots was used to treat fever.
The leaves are thestringent and febrifuge, and is said to help hair growth.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - in Romagna, the colonial house was cultivated near houses in the most sheltered and sunny, as a plant believed to carry good luck.
First jujuba plant was cultivated in America in 1837, in Beaufort, North Carolina.
Fruits were insecrise in Pharmacopoeia, 1985, in the Chinese Pharmacopeia edition.
Alessandra Giuliani - Developing Markets for Agrobiodiversity - Earthscan Publications, 2007
Lee Reich - Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden - Timber Press, 2004
Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992
Susan G. Wynn - Veterinary Herbal Medicine - Mosby, 2006
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Psidium araucanum is a new species discovered in southern Brazil
Genus Psidium L. is characterized by simple leaves, opposite, with nervatiune Pinata, flower solitary, axillary or Raceme small, large number of stamens arranged in spiral, ovary inferior.
Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.