Scientific name - Ziziphus jujuba Mill
Synonyms - Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Rhamnus jujuba L.
Popular names - Annaba, yes ZAO, Joint giuggiolo, jujuba, jujubier commun, Chinesische Dattel, azufaifo, acofeiferia, zinzu, zezal, zizzoa, jujimi, ciciula, zinzulu, Giuggioli, genzola, zizola.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in China, grows spontaneously in the mountains of Beijing. Sin grows in India, Malaysia, and Japan Afaganistan.
Description - deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm . Flo Area solitary or in groups of 2-3, the armpit leaves, white-green, 4-5 mm diameter, peduncle short, 0.5-1 mm long, calyx campanulata, 5 lobes ovat-triangular, acute Corola with 5 petals, more smaller than sepalele, 5 stamens, arranged opposite petals. Blooms in June-July. Fruit drupe, subglobos-oblong, 2-2.5 cm long, at first green, then yellow, brown-red, yellow flesh, sweet. 2 seeds / fruit oblong, red-brown to gray, top mucronata.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - ͦ temperatures up to -15 C and drought.
Requirements - soil moist, well-drained, alkaline, semi-shady places or in full sun.
Propagation - by seeds. Seeds to stratify for 3 months. Germination occurs in the first spring after seeding. Potting-up is summer, retained to 5-10 ͦ C.
Diseases and pests -
Cultivars and varieties - 'Leon Burk', 'Silverhill', 'Swoboda'.
Now three hundred years, Chinese Li Shi Chen described 43 varieties of jujuba, today in China are over 800 varieties.
Properties and Uses - 350 calories / 100g. Protein 7.3 g Fat 1.2 g Carbohydrates 84 g Fiber 4 g Calcium 130 mg. Phosphorus 168 mg. Iron 3.5 mg. Sodium 12 mg. 1050 mg potassium. Vitamin A 125 mg.
Dried fruits contain saponins and alkaloids. The anticancer properties, refreshing, sedative and tonic. It is thought to purify blood and dried fruit help digestion. Domestic use for bronchitis, anemia, irritability and hysteria.
Blending fruit on Ziziphus jujuba, salt and help Chile indigestion problems.
The seeds contain saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. The properties hypnotic, narcotic, sedative and tonic. Domestic used for palpitations, insomnia and excessive sweating.
Decoction of the roots was used to treat fever.
The leaves are thestringent and febrifuge, and is said to help hair growth.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - in Romagna, the colonial house was cultivated near houses in the most sheltered and sunny, as a plant believed to carry good luck.
First jujuba plant was cultivated in America in 1837, in Beaufort, North Carolina.
Fruits were insecrise in Pharmacopoeia, 1985, in the Chinese Pharmacopeia edition.
Alessandra Giuliani - Developing Markets for Agrobiodiversity - Earthscan Publications, 2007
Lee Reich - Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden - Timber Press, 2004
Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992
Susan G. Wynn - Veterinary Herbal Medicine - Mosby, 2006
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Trees and shrubs
Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.
Kigelia is a genus with a singke species, which is cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Sausage tree is a tree whit a invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings and paving.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Evergreen shrub originating in Southern Ireland and Mediterranean regions, grows slowly, up to 3 to 10 m, reddish bark, young branches are red-hot, dense crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolata, 5-10 cm long, parties, except ribs smooth, glossy dark green, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers white to pale pink, sometimes stained with red, 5-10 mm long, campanulata, odorless, ready to panicule 5 cm long, anther clocks.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
The new species of Chirita (Gesneriaceae) from Yunnan, China
Actinotus periculosus (Apiaceae), new perennial species in Australia
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.