15
Jun
2009
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Ziziphus jujuba Mill

Synonyms - Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Rhamnus jujuba L.

Popular names - Annaba, yes ZAO, Joint giuggiolo, jujuba, jujubier commun, Chinesische Dattel, azufaifo, acofeiferia, zinzu, zezal, zizzoa, jujimi, ciciula, zinzulu, Giuggioli, genzola, zizola.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in China, grows spontaneously in the mountains of Beijing. Sin grows in India, Malaysia, and Japan Afaganistan.

Description - deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm . Flo Area solitary or in groups of 2-3, the armpit leaves, white-green, 4-5 mm diameter, peduncle short, 0.5-1 mm long, calyx campanulata, 5 lobes ovat-triangular, acute Corola with 5 petals, more smaller than sepalele, 5 stamens, arranged opposite petals. Blooms in June-July. Fruit drupe, subglobos-oblong, 2-2.5 cm long, at first green, then yellow, brown-red, yellow flesh, sweet. 2 seeds / fruit oblong, red-brown to gray, top mucronata.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - ͦ temperatures up to -15 C and drought.

Requirements - soil moist, well-drained, alkaline, semi-shady places or in full sun.

Propagation - by seeds. Seeds to stratify for 3 months. Germination occurs in the first spring after seeding. Potting-up is summer, retained to 5-10 ͦ C.

Diseases and pests -

Natural partners and Garden - Arbutus unedo, Hypericum calycinum.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Leon Burk', 'Silverhill', 'Swoboda'.

Now three hundred years, Chinese Li Shi Chen described 43 varieties of jujuba, today in China are over 800 varieties.

Properties and Uses - 350 calories / 100g. Protein 7.3 g Fat 1.2 g Carbohydrates 84 g Fiber 4 g Calcium 130 mg. Phosphorus 168 mg. Iron 3.5 mg. Sodium 12 mg. 1050 mg potassium. Vitamin A 125 mg.

Dried fruits contain saponins and alkaloids. The anticancer properties, refreshing, sedative and tonic. It is thought to purify blood and dried fruit help digestion. Domestic use for bronchitis, anemia, irritability and hysteria.

Blending fruit on Ziziphus jujuba, salt and help Chile indigestion problems.

Fruits can also be mixed with Morus alba, Panax ginseng, Prunus mume.

For insomnia, 20 fruit of Ziziphus jujuba, 7 tails of onion and 3 cups water, boil and drink.

The seeds contain saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. The properties hypnotic, narcotic, sedative and tonic. Domestic used for palpitations, insomnia and excessive sweating.

Decoction of the roots was used to treat fever.

The leaves are thestringent and febrifuge, and is said to help hair growth.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - in Romagna, the colonial house was cultivated near houses in the most sheltered and sunny, as a plant believed to carry good luck.

First jujuba plant was cultivated in America in 1837, in Beaufort, North Carolina.

Fruits were insecrise in Pharmacopoeia, 1985, in the Chinese Pharmacopeia edition.

References

Alessandra Giuliani - Developing Markets for Agrobiodiversity - Earthscan Publications, 2007

Lee Reich - Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden - Timber Press, 2004

Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992

Susan G. Wynn - Veterinary Herbal Medicine - Mosby, 2006

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